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Grammar detail: 〜にあたる

〜にあたる - relating to ~, to do with ~, that is ~
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noun X or description X
+
にあたる
+
noun Y or description Y
indicates that
X is an elaboration or specific example of Y
ゆにゅう
輸入
きんし
禁止
あたる
かいぎ
会議
しゅっせき
出席
したい
です
I'd like to attend the seminar on import bans.
きぎょう
企業
そっせん
率先
して
こと
にあたる
はたら
かんげい
歓迎
する

Companies welcome workers who take initiative.
Here,
こと
にあたる
はたらきて
働き手
means 'a worker who handles things, who get things done'. Note that 率先して is the te form of 率先 - in other words, it serves to join 率先 to 事, rather than modifying 事, so it means 'workers take the initiative and workers handle things' rather than 'workers who take the initiative handle things'.
その
えき
ふつう
普通
なら
ごご
午後
ラッシュ
たる
じかん
時間
ほとんど
ひと
いない
The station is almost empty during what would normally be the afternoon rush.
Here, ラッシュ時 is a specific example of 時間 that helps us pin down more precisely which time we're referring to.
Note that
たる appears in its kanji form just as commonly as not.
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Kanji used in this grammar

ジ   ズ   こと thing; matter   
ドウ   はたら to work   
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シュ   hand   て    た-    
ソツ   リツ   lead; ratio   ひきいる to lead, to command   
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セン   さき ahead   
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ジ   とき time, occasion   
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カン   ケン   あいだ interval, between   ま space, room   
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トウ   あてる    あたる to hit   
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ユ    transport   
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ニュウ   い to enter   はい to enter   いれる to put in   
キン    prohibition   
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シ   とめる to stop   とまる to stop   
カイ   エ   あ to meet   
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ギ    deliberation   
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シュツ   スイ   だ to take out, to put out   で to go out, to exit   
セキ    seat   
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キ   くわだてる to plan, to undertake, to attempt   
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ギョウ   ゴウ    profession, business, industry   わざ deed, act   
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カン    delight   
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ゲイ   むかえる to meet; go towards   
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エキ    station   
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フ    universal, generally   
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ツ   ツウ   とお to pass through   とお to let pass   かよ to commute   
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ゴ    noon   
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ゴ   コウ   のち    あと afterwards   うし behind   おくれる be late   
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ジン   ニン   ひと person   
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