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Grammar detail: verb stem + あげる/あがる

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JLPT:
verb stem + あげる/あがる - finish, complete
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verb stem + あげる/あがる is used to indicate that an action has been or will be completed. あげる is used to indicate a transitive context (so and so has finished doing ~), whereas あがる is used to indicate an intransitive context (~ has come to an end).
For example:
  • しょくじ
    ができあがった dinner is ready
  • ほん
    げた I finished writing the book
Several verbs are commonly used in this way:
  • できあげる finish preparing (eg food)
  • げる finish writing
  • げる finish building
  • げる start up, boot up
  • げる tie up
Note that げる does not follow quite the same pattern - it has the special meaning 'read aloud'.
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Kanji used in this grammar

ショク   ジキ    food   たべる to eat   く to eat   
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ジ   ズ   こと thing; matter   
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ホン   book   もと origin   
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1
ショ   か to write   
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1
ジョウ   ショウ   うえ above   うわ- above   あげる to raise   あがる to rise   かみ first half, upper part   のぼ to climb   のぼせる to bring up, to raise   のぼ to bring up   
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チク   きず to construct, to make   
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4
リツ   リュウ   た to stand   たてる to build   
2
バク   しば to bind   
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5
ドク   トク   トウ   よ to read   
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1
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