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Grammar detail: verb stem + あげる/あがる

verb stem + あげる/あがる - finish, complete
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verb stem
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あげる/あがる
is used to indicate that an action has been or will be completed.
あげる is used to indicate a transitive context (so and so has finished doing something), whereas あがる is used to indicate an intransitive context (something has come to an end).
For example:
  • しょくじ
    食事
    ができあがった dinner is ready
  • ほん
    を書き上げた I finished writing the book
Several verbs are commonly used in this way:
  • できあげる finish preparing (eg food) or できあがる be ready / prepared
  • 書き上げる finish writing
  • 築き上げる finish building
  • 立ち上げる start up, boot up
  • 縛り上げる tie up
  • 作り上げる finish making
Note that 読み上げる does not follow quite the same pattern - it has the special meaning 'read aloud'.
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Kanji used in this grammar

ショク   ジキ    food   たべる to eat   く to eat   
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ジ   ズ   こと thing; matter   
ホン   book   もと origin   
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ショ   か to write   
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ジョウ   ショウ   うえ above   うわ- above   あげる to raise   あがる to rise   かみ first half, upper part   のぼ to climb   のぼせる to bring up, to raise   のぼ to bring up   
チク   きず to construct, to make   
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リツ   リュウ   た to stand   たてる to build   
バク   しば to bind   
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サク   サ   つく to make   
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ドク   トク   トウ   よ to read   
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