Kanshudo Component Builder
×
Draw a component:
Type a component or its name:
 
Choose from a list:
Change component list
×
By default the Component Builder shows the most common Joyo kanji components (ie, components which are themselves Joyo kanji, or which are used in at least 3 other Joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.



For details of all components and their English names, see the Component collections.
Kanshudo Component Builder Help
×
For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of. Once you have identified any component, search for it in any of three ways:
  1. Draw it in the drawing area
  2. Type the name in the text area
  3. Look for it in the list
Example: look up 漢
  • Notice that 漢 is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫
  • Draw any of these components (one at a time) in the drawing area, and select it when you see it
  • Alternatively, look for a component in the list. 氵 艹 口 each have three strokes; 夫 has four strokes
  • If you know the meanings of the components, type any of them in the text area: water (氵), grass (艹), mouth (口) or husband (夫)
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.
Kanshudo Component Builder Drawing Help
×
The Kanshudo Component Builder can recognize any of the 416 components listed in the chart below the drawing area. Tips:
  • Draw a component in the center of the area, as large as you can
  • Try to draw the component as it appears in the kanji you're looking up
  • Don't worry about stroke order or number of strokes
  • Don't draw more than one component at a time
Not finding your component?
If you believe you've drawn your component correctly but the system is not recognizing it, please:
Let us know!
Components

Grammar detail: 後(あと、のち、うしろ、ご)

後(あと、のち、うしろ、ご) - after and behind
Tweet
507 words
My current mastery of this grammar point:
LOG IN to view grammar mastery data
Grammar games:
GRAMMAR MATCH
SENTENCE BUILDER
BOOST
あと, のち, うしろ and ご have much in common - they all express the concept of something being 'after' or 'behind' something else, and they can all be written using the kanji 後. However, there are some distinctions.
あと and のち both refer to time. あと is by far the most common, and it is most commonly found in the construction
noun + の + あと(で)
or
verb past form + あと(で)
, or simply on its own:
しごと
仕事
あと
いっぱい
一杯
どう
How about going out for a drink after work?
わたし
べんきょう
勉強
した
あと
テニスした
I played tennis after I studied.
あと
でんわ
電話
します
I'll call you later.
Less commonly it is used with に or から, but they basically mean the same thing:
ぶか
部下
かれ
あと
つづ
いた

The men followed him.
わたし
あと
から
きます

I'll join you later.
のち tends to be found in set phrases, such as the
てんきよほう
天気予報
standard,
れのち
あめ
(fine weather followed by rain). It is also found in the phrase
のち
に, but this is almost always written in kana:
かれ
だい
おんがくか
音楽家
なるだろうという
ははおや
母親
よげん
予言
のち
げんじつ
現実
なった
His mother's prophecy that he would be a great musician was later fulfilled.
It is also very commonly found in the form のちほど:
なお
じかん
時間
のち
ほど
つた
えします

Furthermore, I'll let you know about the time later.
うしろ is used when referring to physical location - so it typically refers to a physical location of something behind something else:
その
ははおや
母親
うし
っていた

He stood behind his mother.
All three terms あと, のち and うしろ can be written with the same kanji, 後, so the following guidelines may help you to distinguish the reading in different situations.
のち is almost always written in kana, so if there are no okurigana (as in for example 後に), あと is much more likely.
うし
ろ is usually followed by the okurigana ろ - but not 100% of the time, and this can sometimes be tricky. For example, consider the very similar set phrases うしろにつく (to place behind) and あとをついていく (to take the same route afterwards). Since both the あと and the うしろ may be written with kanji and no okurigana, you have to remember the rule that うしろ works with location and あと works with time. So, うしろにつく means to place physically behind, whereas あとをついていく means to take the same route afterwards (in time). Notice the slightly different verb forms used - つく means 'stick to', so conveys the sense of being physically close, and うしろ tells us where. ついていく adds the いく construction which can be used on its own to mean go towards or with, and あと adds the time element.
This brings us to the final piece of the puzzle: the use of 後 as a suffix to a noun. It means 'after' in time in just the same way as あと and のち, but it is read ご:
さんじゅう
30
ねん

30 years later
In this case, the kanji is almost always used, rather than kana, and there are no okurigana, so it can be hard to tell whether the reading should be あと or ご. Two guidelines will help: first, あと is usually followed by で, and if you see で, the reading is あと not ご. Second, although both ご and あと can be followed by に, ご is very commonly used with time or date expressions, for example:
ふつか
2日
もの
なくなってしまった
After two days our food gave out.
The common set phrase その後 can be read as either そのご or そのあと. Some sources suggest そのご is more formal, but others suggest there is no distinction.
その
どうしています
Since then, how have you been getting along?
LOG IN to view flashcard data

Kanji used in this grammar

ゴ   コウ   のち    あと afterwards   うし behind   おくれる be late   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
テン   あめ    あま- heaven   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
キ   ケ    spirit   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ヨ    previously, in advance   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ホウ    report   むくいる to compensate, remunerate   むく reward, recompense   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
セイ   はれる to clear up   はらす to dispel, to clear away   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ウ   あめ    あま- rain   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
シ   ジ   つかえる to attend to   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ジ   ズ   こと thing; matter   
イチ   イツ   ひと    ひと- one   
ハイ   さかずき cup, goblet   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
シ   わたくし    わたし I, myself   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ベン    exertion   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
キョウ   ゴウ   つよ strong   つよまる to get stronger   つよめる to strengthen   しいる to compel, to force   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
デン    electricity   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ワ   はな to talk   はなし talking   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ブ   part
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
カ   ゲ   した below, under   しも bottom part   もと under (influence)   さげる to lower, to reduce   さがる to be lowered   くだ to descend   くだ to judge   くださる to give   おろす to drop off (passenger)   おりる to get off (train)   
ヒ   かれ he   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ゾク   つづ to continue   つづける to carry on with   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
コウ   ギョウ   アン   ゆ    い to go   おこな to take place   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ダイ   タイ   おおきい big   おおいに very much   おお-    
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
オン   イン   sound   おと    ね    
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ガク   ラク    music   たのしい happy, pleasant   たのしむ to be happy   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
カ   ケ   house   いえ    や    
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ボ   はは mother   
シン   おや parent   したしい close, intimate   したしむ to befriend, grow close to   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ゲン   ゴン   say; word   こと word, saying   い to say   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ゲン    present   あらわれる to appear   あらわ to show   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ジツ    fruit; reality   み fruit, nut   みの to bear fruit   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ジ   とき time, occasion   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
カン   ケン   あいだ interval, between   ま space, room   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
デン   つたえる to tell, transmit   つたわる to be handed down   つた to go along   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
シ   ス   こ child   
リツ   リュウ   た to stand   たてる to build   
ネン   とし year   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ニチ   ジツ   sun; day   ひ    -か    
ショク   ジキ    food   たべる to eat   く to eat   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ブツ   モツ   もの thing   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
Problem with this grammar? Question or comment? Please CONTACT US.
×