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Grammar detail: かろう

かろう - negative volitional
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The かろう form is a 'negative volitional' for い adjectives: it expresses the idea of negative intention - wanting something not to happen. In this form, the い is replaced with かろう.
わたし
やりたろそうでなかろ
かんけい
関係
ない
It makes no difference whether you want to do it or not.
This form is commonly used as part of some form of the expression あろうか ... なかろうか, to express the idea 'whether (this) or (that)' etc:
あろなかろう
べんきょう
勉強
こんき
根気
よく
つづ
けなければ
だめ
Whether you like it or not, you must stick to your work.

Not to be confused with ...

Note that かろう is also the normal (positive) volitional ending for verbs such as かる - so it is possible to see 〜かろう without it being the negative volitional:
さあ
しごと
仕事
かろ

Let's get down to work.
かろう also appears as part of the common word かろうじて, meaning 'just barely':
かろうじて
くるま
てられず
すんだ
I narrowly escaped being hit by a car.
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See also:
  • まい - negative volitional

Kanji used in this grammar

hanging   かかる to be hanging, to cost, to take   かける to hang up, to spend, to multiply   -がかり person in charge   
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3
シ   わたくし    わたし I, myself   
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2
カン   せき barrier   かかわる to be connected   
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3
ケイ   in charge   かかり charge, duty   かか to relate to   
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3
コウ   この    す to like   
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3
ベン    exertion   
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2
キョウ   ゴウ   つよ strong   つよまる to get stronger   つよめる to strengthen   しいる to compel, to force   
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2
コン   ね root   
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4
キ   ケ    spirit   
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1
ゾク   つづ to continue   つづける to carry on with   
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3
シ   ジ   つかえる to attend to   
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2
ジ   ズ   こと thing; matter   
2
シュ   と to take   
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3
シャ   くるま car   
1
トウ   あてる    あたる to hit   
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3
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