Components

Grammar detail: honorific prefixes ご and お

honorific prefixes ご and お
Tweet
124 words
My current mastery of this grammar point:
LOG IN to view grammar mastery data
Grammar games:
GRAMMAR MATCH
SENTENCE BUILDER
BOOST
In polite speech, it is common to make nouns more polite by prefixing them with お or ご.
お is added to words which are read with
くんよ
訓読
み, ie the native Japanese readings of any kanji used:
みず
water
かね
money
かし
菓子
sweets / candy
くすり
medicine
さかな
fish
たまご
egg
てがみ
手紙
letter
にぎ
onigiri (triangular seaweed-wrapped rice balls)
お is also used in various standard expressions even though the readings are not standard
くんよ
訓読
み:
ちゃ
tea
だいじ
大事
get well
とう
さん
father
かあ
さん
mother
ねえ
さん
older sister
にい
さん
older brother
じかん
時間
(your) time
へんじ
返事
reply
ご is added to words read with
おんよ
音読
み:
かぞく
家族
family
きょうりょく
協力
cooperation
ほん
book
はん
rice
ようじん
用心
care / attention
れんらく
連絡
contact
かくにん
確認
confirmation
しつもん
質問
question
Note that both ご and お are sometimes written in kanji as 御, in which case the reading must be inferred.
LOG IN to view flashcard data

Kanji used in this grammar

クン    teaching, precept; Japanese reading of a kanji   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ドク   トク   トウ   よ to read   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
スイ   みず water   
キン   コン   かね gold; money   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
カ    candy   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
シ   ス   こ child   
ヤク   くすり medicine   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ギョ   さかな    うお fish   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ラン   たまご egg   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
シュ   hand   て    た-    
シ   かみ paper   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
アク   にぎ to grasp   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
チャ   サ    tea   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ダイ   タイ   おおきい big   おおいに very much   おお-    
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ジ   ズ   こと thing; matter   
フ   ちち father   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ボ   はは mother   
シ   あね elder sister   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ケイ   キョウ   elder brother; brother   あに elder brother   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ジ   とき time, occasion   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
カン   ケン   あいだ interval, between   ま space, room   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ヘン   かえ to return, to come back   かえ to return (something)   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
オン   イン   sound   おと    ね    
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
カ   ケ   house   いえ    や    
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ゾク    tribe   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
キョウ    cooperation   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
リョク   リキ   ちから effort; power   
ホン   book   もと origin   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ハン   めし boiled rice, food   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ヨウ   もちいる to use   
シン   こころ heart   
レン   つれる to take, to lead   つらねる to line up   つらなる to extend   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ラク   entangled   からまる to be entangled, to be entwined   から to get in a tangle with   からめる to entwine   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
カク   たし certain   たしかめる to make certain   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ニン   みとめる to recognize, to perceive, to approve of   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
シツ   シチ   チ    quality; substance   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
モン   と question   と to ask   とん wholesale   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ゴ   ギョ   honorific prefix   おん-    
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
Problem with this grammar? Question or comment? Please CONTACT US.
Kanshudo is your AI Japanese tutor, and your constant companion on the road to mastery of the Japanese language. To get started learning Japanese, just follow the study recommendations on your Dashboard. You can use Quick search (accessible using the icon at the top of every page) to look up any Japanese word, kanji or grammar point, as well as to find anything on Kanshudo quickly. For an overview, take the tour.
×