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Grammar detail: 〜そうです

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JLPT:
〜そうです - seems ~ or I heard that ~
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The expression そうです can be used in two similar but slightly different ways: to say that something seems a certain way, or to suggest that you heard that something is the case. It can also be used as a standalone expression of agreement.
seems like ~, appears ~
adjective
+
そうです
or
verb stem
+
そうです
means
seems like (something)
.
One very common example is おいしそうです, meaning 'looks tasty', which is almost a set phrase for example when seeing food prepared by a host.
For い adjectives, the い is dropped before the そうです.
  • たか
    そうです (that) seems expensive
な adjectives are used as is:
  • しんせつ
    親切
    そうです (he/she) seems kind
For verbs, the stem is used:
  • かれ
    きそうです he looks like he's about to wake up
hearsay, I heard that ~
A very similar construction is used to express 'hearsay', i.e. 'I heard that ~'. In this case, the form is:
verb plain form
or
verb plain past
+
そうです
  • かれ
    つか
    れているそうです He seems tired
  • あめ
    ったそうです They say it rained
When used with adjectives, a な adjective is followed by だ, and an い adjective keeps its い:
  • しんせつ
    親切
    だそうです I heard he/she's kind
  • たか
    いそうです I heard that's expensive
You may occasionally see だ after an い adjective, but this is to convey additional nuance, and would be incorrect as a form of the そうです construction itself. (For example, 嬉しいだそうよ might be a response to a question such as お父さんは気に入ってくれた?, in which case it would mean that the speaker is reporting that the the speaker thinks the father said '嬉しいだ', not that the speaker heard that the subject is 嬉しい.)
standalone expression
そうです can also be used as a standalone expression which indicates agreement / confirmation:「そうです。」or 「そうですね。」
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Kanji used in this grammar

コウ   expensive; high   たか    たか expensive, tall, high   たかまる to be elevated   たかめる to promote, heighten   
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シン   おや parent   したしい close, intimate   したしむ to befriend, grow close to   
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2
セツ   サイ   き to cut   きれる to break, to snap   
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2
ヒ   かれ he   
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3
キ   おきる to wake up, to get up   おこる to happen   おこす to rouse   
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2
ヒ   fatigue   つかれる to be tired   
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3
ウ   あめ    あま- rain   
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1
コウ   おりる to get off   おろす to drop off   ふ to fall (eg rain)   
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3
キ   うれしい happy   
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フ   ちち father   
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1
キ   ケ    spirit   
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1
ニュウ   い to enter   はい to enter   いれる to put in   
1
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