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Grammar detail: たる adjectives

たる adjectives
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たる adjectives are words in Japanese that:
  • Are used to modify nouns
  • End in たる
  • Would typically be translated into English with adjectives
They are used in the same way as な adjectives to modify nouns, replacing the な with たる.
The form is somewhat rare, and invokes a formal sense. Many taru adjectives are used in other forms (eg as nouns).
In total there are about 430 taru adjectives in Japanese. However, fewer than ten have a usefulness rating of 5 or better (the most useful 10,000 words in Japanese).
Some of the more common たる adjectives include:
certain; definite; clear; credible  (see also: )
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1. magnificent; grand; impressive; dignified; majestic; imposing; stately
2. fair; square; open; unashamed; brazen
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 2 forms)
1
4
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disorderliness; confusion; jumble; mess
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See also:
  • い and な adjectives
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