Components

Grammar detail: っぱなし

5
1
JLPT:
っぱなし - leaving ~ on, still in use
Tweet
My current mastery of this grammar:
LOG IN to view grammar mastery data
verb stem
+
っぱなし
is used to describe something left in a state of being on or used. For example:
water running (
みず
を)
しっぱなし
electricity / light on (
でんき
/
でんとう
を)
けっぱなし
windows open (
まど
を)
けっぱなし
cord connected (
でんげん
コードを)
つな
ぎっぱなし
でんげん
電源
コード
つな
ぎっぱなし
して
しゅうしん
就寝
する
ひと
おお
おも
います
ひゃく
100
%
えている
じょうたい
状態
さらに
じゅうでん
充電
つづ
ける
バッテリー
れっか
劣化
しんこう
進行
させてしまいます

I know that there are many people who leave the cord plugged in and go to sleep, but if you continue to charge the phone when it's over 100%, this will cause steady deterioration of the battery.
This form of the verb functions as an adjective, so the most typical usage is:
[object] を [〜っぱなし] にする (to leave something in a ~ state of being)
This form typically operates on a transitive form of a verb. So for example compare:
  • まど
    ひら
    いている (the window is open)
  • まど
    けっぱなしにした (I left the window open)
LOG IN to view flashcard data

Kanji used in this grammar

スイ   みず water   
1
シュツ   スイ   だ to take out, to put out   で to go out, to exit   
1
デン    electricity   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
1
キ   ケ    spirit   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
1
トウ   ひ lamp   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
4
テン    spot, point   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
ソウ   まど window   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
カイ   あ to (be) open   あける    ひら to open (something)   ひらける to open out (eg view)   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
2
ゲン   みなもと source, origin   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
5
つな to connect, to join (hands etc)   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
シュウ   ジュ   employed   つ to be employed, take (a seat)   つける to employ   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
5
シン   ねかす to lay down   ね to sleep, to lie down   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
ジン   ニン   ひと man   
1
タ   おお many   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
2
シ   おも to think   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
2
チョウ   こ    こえる to exceed   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
4
ジョウ    condition, circumstances   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
タイ    condition, appearance   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
5
ジュウ   あてる to allot   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
5
ゾク   つづ to continue   つづける to carry on with   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
レツ   inferior   おと to be inferior to   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
5
カ   ケ   ばける to change   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
シン   すす to advance   すすめる to promote, push   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
コウ   ギョウ   アン   ゆ    い to go   おこな to take place   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
1
Problem with this grammar? Question or comment? Please CONTACT US.
×
Change component list
By default the component builder shows the most common components (themselves joyo kanji, or used in at least 3 other joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.



Full details of all components and their English names can be found here.
Help with the component builder
For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of.
For any components you recognize, if you know the English meaning or name, start typing it in the text area. Full details of all components and their English names can be found here.
Alternatively, count the strokes of the component, and scan the list to find it visually.
Example
To find the kanji :
  • Notice that it is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫.
  • 氵 艹 口 all have three strokes, so you could look in the list in the 3 stroke section. 夫 has four strokes.
  • Alternatively, you could start typing 'water' (氵), 'grass' (艹), 'mouth' (口) or 'husband' (夫) in the search area, and the components will be highlighted in yellow.
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.