Components

Grammar detail: verb て form + ある

verb て form + ある - is completed
Tweet
34 words
My current mastery of this grammar point:
LOG IN to view grammar mastery data
Grammar games:
GRAMMAR MATCH
SENTENCE BUILDER
BOOST
verb て form
+
ある
is used to mean that something has been completed or done.
きょうし
教師
すでに
ほうこく
報告
してあります

It's already reported to the teacher.
It is also used to indicate an ongoing state or situation.
つくえ
うえ
ほん
いてある

A book is lying on the desk.
よやく
予約
してある

I have a reservation.
かいぎ
会議
ないよう
内容
つた
えてあります

I've advised the meeting content.
つくえ
うえ
まんが
漫画
ほん
かさ
ねてあった

The comic books were piled on the desk.
この
ほん
なに
いてある
です
What is written in the book?
LOG IN to view flashcard data

Kanji used in this grammar

キョウ   おしえる to teach   おそわる to be taught   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
シ    teacher; army   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ホウ    report   むくいる to compensate, remunerate   むく reward, recompense   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
コク   つげる to announce   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
キ   つくえ desk   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ジョウ   ショウ   うえ above   うわ- above   あげる to raise   あがる to rise   かみ first half, upper part   のぼ to climb   のぼせる to bring up, to raise   のぼ to bring up   
ホン   book   もと origin   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
チ   お to put   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ヨ    previously, in advance   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ヤク    promise; approximate   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
カイ   エ   あ to meet   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ギ    deliberation   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ナイ   ダイ   うち inside   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ヨウ    contents   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
デン   つたえる to tell, transmit   つたわる to be handed down   つた to go along   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
マン    random, aimless   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ガ   カク   draw
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ジュウ   チョウ   おも heavy   かさなる to be piled up   かさねる to pile up   え -fold, -ply   
カ   なに    なん what?   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ショ   か to write   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
Problem with this grammar? Question or comment? Please CONTACT US.
Kanshudo is your AI Japanese tutor, and your constant companion on the road to mastery of the Japanese language. To get started learning Japanese, just follow the study recommendations on your Dashboard. You can use Quick search (accessible using the icon at the top of every page) to look up any Japanese word, kanji or grammar point, as well as to find anything on Kanshudo quickly. For an overview, take the tour.
×