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Grammar detail: てからでないと, てからでなければ

てからでないと, てからでなければ - until ~ something cannot happen
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verb te form
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からでないと
or
からでなければ
means
unless / until (verb) is done, (something) cannot happen
はたち
二十歳
になってからでない
さけ
んではいけない

One must not drink alcohol under the age of 20.
This form is actually the combination of two simpler forms: てから (after) and でなければ (or でないと), which is a negative conditional form of である (is) or a conditional form of でない (is not), depending on which base form you consider the starting point. So the literal meaning is something like 'if it's not the situation that it's after (verb), then ...'.
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Kanji used in this grammar

ニ   ふた    ふた two   
ジュウ   ジッ   と    とお ten   
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サイ   セイ    X years old, year-end   
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シュ   さけ    さか- sake   
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イン   の to drink   
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