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Grammar detail: verb て form + しまう

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JLPT:
verb て form + しまう - complete; accidentally do; end up doing
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verb て form
+
しまう
has two related but slightly different meanings.
The first is to 'complete' or 'bring to a close' something, with an implication that some determination or effort was required. For example:
ほん
んでしまいました

I finished reading my book.
The second is to refer to a situation where something unfortunate or regrettable happened, often by accident. For example:
ほん
うしな
ってしまいました

I lost my book.
かのじょ
彼女
もの
かける
けっきょく
結局
ふそうおう
不相応
もの
してしまう
Whenever she goes shopping, she ends up buying more than she can afford.
In casual speech, てしまう is often contracted to ちゃう (so the past form てしまった becomes ちゃった), and でしまう to じゃう.
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Kanji used in this grammar

ホン   book   もと origin   
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1
ドク   トク   トウ   よ to read   
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1
シツ   うしな to lose   
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3
ヒ   かれ he   
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3
ジョ   ニョ   ニョウ   woman; female   おんな woman   め woman   
1
バイ   か to buy   
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2
ブツ   モツ   もの thing   
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2
シュツ   スイ   だ to take out, to put out   で to go out, to exit   
1
ケツ   むす    ゆわえる to bind   ゆ to braid   
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5
キョク    office   
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3
フ   ブ    not   
2
ソウ   ショウ    minister   あい- mutual   
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3
オウ   おうじる to satisfy, reply, comply   こたえる to respond to   
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5
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