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Grammar detail: verb / adjective て form + も

verb / adjective て form + も  even if ~
150 words
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verb or adjective て form
+
means
even if (verb)
or
even if (いadjective)
まいにち
毎日
じかん
時間
べんきょう
勉強
しても
ごうかく
合格
しない
おも

Even if I study for 5 hours every day, I don't think I'll pass.
この
みずうみ
スケートして
あんぜん
安全

It is safe to skate on this lake.
むずか
しくても
やってみます
Even though it's difficult, I'm going to give it a try.
For な adjectives and nouns で + も is used.
いま
きも
気持
えいご
英語
でもうまく
つた
えられない

Even in English I can't express the way I feel now.

Asking permission

This construction can be put together with いい as a way of asking permission, meaning literally 'even if I do ~, would that be good?'. For example:
なんじ
何時
くらいまでなら
でんわ
電話
してもいい
です
How late can I ring?

Use with question words

This construction is often used after a question word such as どこ (where) or いつ (when) or
なに
(what) etc, in which case the English meaning is 'wherever', 'whenever' etc. For example:
どこ
って
けしき
景色
おな

Everywhere you go will find the same scenery.

At most / at best etc

The ても form is often used with an adjective at the beginning of a sentence to indicate an extreme - for example, 長くても (if it is long) at the beginning of a sentence would mean 'At the longest ...'.
なが
くて
よっか
4日
しか
てません

I can wait four days at the longest.
おお
くて
はら
える
100ドルまでです
We can pay 100 dollars at most.
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Kanji used in this grammar

カ   なに    なん what?   
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チョウ   なが long   
マイ   every, each
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ニチ   ジツ   sun; day   ひ    -か    
ジ   とき time, occasion   
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カン   ケン   あいだ interval, between   ま space, room   
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ベン    exertion   
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キョウ   ゴウ   つよ strong   つよまる to get stronger   つよめる to strengthen   しいる to compel, to force   
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ゴウ   ガッ   カッ   あ to fit, come together   あわす to match   あわせる to unite, join   
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カク   コウ    status, rank   
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シ   おも to think   
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コ   みずうみ lake   
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アン   やす peaceful; cheap   
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ゼン   まった entirely   すべ everything   
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ナン   むずかしい difficult   かた hard   
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コン   キン   いま now   
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キ   ケ    spirit   
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ジ   も to hold, to have   
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エイ    England; hero; flower   
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ゴ   かた to talk, relate   かたらう to talk together, chat   
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デン   つたえる to tell, transmit   つたわる to be handed down   つた to go along   
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デン    electricity   
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ワ   はな to talk   はなし talking   
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コウ   ギョウ   アン   ゆ    い to go   おこな to take place   
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ケイ   scenery
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ショク   シキ   いろ color   
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ドウ   おな same   
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タイ   ま to wait   
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タ   おお many   
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フツ    to pay; to dispose of   はら to pay   
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