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Grammar detail: verb volitional form + とする

verb volitional form + とする - try to do
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verb volitional form + とする
means
to try to do ~
or
to be about to do ~
かれ
かね
かえ
そう
とするたびにいらない
われる

Whenever I try to give the money back to him, he says "I don't need it".
わたし
かのじょ
彼女
けようとした

I tried to avoid looking at her eyes.

The difference between ようとする and てみる

This form means try in the sense of 'attempt to do something in order to achieve a goal'. This is in contrast to てみる, which means 'to try something out (to see if you like it or are good at it)'.
Since the senses are different, they can actually be combined - to try out trying to do something! For example:
ひだりて
左手
いてみようとした

I had a go at writing with my left hand.
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Kanji used in this grammar

ヒ   かれ he   
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キン   コン   かね gold; money   
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ヘン   かえ to return, to come back   かえ to return (something)   
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ゲン   ゴン   say; word   こと word, saying   い to say   
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シ   わたくし    わたし I, myself   
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ジョ   ニョ   ニョウ   woman; female   おんな woman   め woman   
ボク   モク   eye   ま-    め    
ケン   み to see   みえる to be seen; to appear   みせる to show   
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ヒ   さける to avoid   
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サ   ひだり left   
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シュ   hand   て    た-    
ショ   か to write   
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