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Grammar detail: とても〜ない

とても〜ない - cannot possibly be, hardly
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description of state
+
とても
+
verb negative potential form (cannot do)
means
cannot possibly (do, be the case)
The description of a state is typically a noun phrase:
この
あめ
なか
がいしゅつ
外出
する
こととてもできないことです
Going out in this rain is out of the question.
However, it can also take other forms:
たか
くて
とても
ない

I can't afford to buy it.
えき
までなんてとても
はし
れない

I don't feel up to running to the station.
If the verb itself indicates an ability, there is no need to use the potential form:
この
ほん
わたし
とてもわからない
This book is quite above me.
それとても
わたし
でき
出来
ない

It's beyond me.
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Kanji used in this grammar

ウ   あめ    あま- rain   
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チュウ   ジュウ   なか middle   
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ガイ   ゲ   そと outside   ほか other   はず to remove, mislead   はずれる to come off, to miss   
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シュツ   スイ   だ to take out, to put out   で to go out, to exit   
コウ   expensive; high   たか    たか expensive, tall, high   たかまる to be elevated   たかめる to promote, heighten   
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シュ   hand   て    た-    
エキ    station   
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ソウ   はし run   
ホン   book   もと origin   
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シ   わたくし    わたし I, myself   
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ライ   く to come   きた to be forthcoming   きた to induce   
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