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Grammar detail: となる

3
となる - become (with finality)
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noun
+
となる
means
become ~
.
となる is similar to the much more common になる form, but there are a few differences:
  • となる is typically only used with nouns
  • It usually implies 'finality' or 'uniqueness' in the change or situation described, where になる can be used to describe any change at any time, no matter how often it might recur. (So となる could not be used with time expressions such as になる, for example.)
  • It tends to convey a formal tone
かれ
にほん
日本
こくみん
国民
なった
They became citizens of Japan.
It is also increasingly common to use となる to invoke a sense of 'formality' but with no distinction in meaning. However, this is not (yet) considered correct.
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See also:
  • noun + になります - become
  • 〜くなります/になります - become

Kanji used in this grammar

シチ   seven   なな    なな    なの    
1
ジ   とき time, occasion   
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1
ヒ   かれ he   
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3
ニチ   ジツ   sun; day   ひ    -か    
1
ホン   book   もと origin   
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1
コク   くに country   
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1
ミン   たみ people   
3
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