Components

Grammar detail: と思います(とおもいます) / と思う(とおもう)

と思います(とおもいます) / と思う(とおもう) - to think ~; I think ~; you think ~
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verb plain
+
おも
います
means
to think ~; I think ~; you think ~; she thinks ~ etc.
いえ
ひがし
がわ
おも

I think the house is on the Eastern side.
きょう
今日
だいがく
大学
やす
おも
います

I think the university is closed today.
この
ちほう
地方
すてき
おも
います

I think this this is a beautiful area.
Other forms:
い adjective + と思います
あたら
しい
おも
います

I think it's new.
な adjective + だ + と思います
ゆうめい
有名
おも
います

I think it's famous.
noun + だ + と思います
ここ
おも
います

I think it's here.
An interesting distinction between the English 'I don't think...' and the same sentiment expressed in Japanese is that in Japanese usually the verb, adjective or noun before と思います/と思う takes the negative form, and と思います/と思う itself remains affirmative. In other words, the English equivalent of the Japanese is 'I think ~ is not / won't etc'. For example:
まいにち
毎日
じかん
時間
べんきょう
勉強
しても
ごうかく
合格
しない
おも

Even if I study for 5 hours every day, I don't think I'll pass.
そのパーティー
かない
おも

I don't think I'll go to that party.
This is not to say 思いません or 思わない are never used, but they are far less common.
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Kanji used in this grammar

シ   おも to think   
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カ   ケ   house   いえ    や    
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トウ   ひがし east   
コン   キン   いま now   
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ニチ   ジツ   sun; day   ひ    -か    
ダイ   タイ   おおきい big   おおいに very much   おお-    
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ガク   まな to learn   
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キュウ   やす to rest   やすまる to be rested   やすめる to suspend (use etc.)   
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チ   ジ    ground   
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ホウ   かた way, direction   
シン   あたらしい    あら    にい- new   
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ユウ   ウ   あ to possess; to exist   
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メイ   ミョウ   な name   
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マイ   every, each
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ジ   とき time, occasion   
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カン   ケン   あいだ interval, between   ま space, room   
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ベン    exertion   
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キョウ   ゴウ   つよ strong   つよまる to get stronger   つよめる to strengthen   しいる to compel, to force   
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ゴウ   ガッ   カッ   あ to fit, come together   あわす to match   あわせる to unite, join   
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カク   コウ    status, rank   
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コウ   ギョウ   アン   ゆ    い to go   おこな to take place   
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