Components

Grammar detail: なき

なき - ~less; without ~; no-one; nothing
Tweet
130 words
My current mastery of this grammar point:
LOG IN to view grammar mastery data
verb stem
+
なき
means
without ~; ~less
なき is a classical Japanese negative form which roughly means 〜ないこと or 〜ないように in modern Japanese. It is the
れんたいけい
連体形
form of the なし negative form. Both forms are still encountered in modern Japanese, but なき is used as an adjective, whereas なし can be used as a noun.
わす
もの
なきよう
ねが
いします

Please leave nothing behind.
This example might still be seen today, but it would be more common to see the なきよう replaced with ないように.
けってん
欠点
なき
ひと
なし
No man is without his faults.
This example neatly illustrates the difference between なき and なし. Since なき is a
れんたいけい
連体形
form, it cannot be used at the end of the sentence. なし however can. In modern Japanese, the distinction is becoming less clear, and both forms could be replaced with the modern ない.
LOG IN to view flashcard data

Kanji used in this grammar

レン   つれる to take, to lead   つらねる to line up   つらなる to extend   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
タイ   テイ   からだ body   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ケイ   ギョウ   shape   かたち    かた    
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ゴ   ギョ   honorific prefix   おん-    
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ボウ   わすれる to forget   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ブツ   モツ   もの thing   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ガン   ねが to request, to petition   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ケツ   か to lack   かける to be lacking   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
テン    spot, point   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ジン   ニン   ひと person   
Problem with this grammar? Question or comment? Please CONTACT US.
Kanshudo is your AI Japanese tutor, and your constant companion on the road to mastery of the Japanese language. To get started learning Japanese, just follow the study recommendations on your Dashboard. You can use Quick search (accessible using the icon at the top of every page) to look up any Japanese word, kanji or grammar point, as well as to find anything on Kanshudo quickly. For an overview, take the tour.
×