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Grammar detail: にあたって

にあたって - on the occasion of ~; when ~
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noun
or
plain form verb
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にあたって
means
on the occasion of ~
にあたって could simply be translated as 'when', but it suggests a larger importance to the time being described than の
とき
, suggesting more the sense of 'at the time of ~' or 'on the occasion of ~'.
だいじん
大臣
になるにあたってどんな
いんしょう
印象
あた
えたい
かんが
えた
ほうがいい
You should think about what image you want to project, when you become the minister.
べい
だいとうりょう
大統領
らいにち
来日
する
にあたって
とない
都内
けいび
警備
たいせい
体制
きょうか
強化
された

On the occasion of the US President's visit to Japan, the city's security system was strengthened.
めいれい
命令
にあたって
かた
をつける
べき
When you give orders, you must take care with the way you word things.
The form にあたり is also seen somewhat less commonly. It is also possible to use 当 (に当たって、に当たり), but this is also uncommon.
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Kanji used in this grammar

ジ   とき time, occasion   
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トウ   あてる    あたる to hit   
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ダイ   タイ   おおきい big   おおいに very much   おお-    
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シン   ジン    subject, retainer   
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イン    seal, stamp   しるし sign, mark   
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ショウ   ゾウ    image; elephant   
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ヨ   あたえる to grant, give, bestow   
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コウ   かんがえる to think about, consider   
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ベイ   マイ   こめ rice   
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トウ   すべる to govern, to control   
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リョウ    jurisdiction, rule   
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ライ   く to come   きた to be forthcoming   きた to induce   
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ニチ   ジツ   sun; day   ひ    -か    
ト   ツ   みやこ capital city, metropolis   
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ナイ   ダイ   うち inside   
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ケイ   admonish
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ビ   そなえる to prepare, to provide for   そなわる to be furnished with   
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タイ   テイ   からだ body   
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セイ    system; regulations   
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キョウ   ゴウ   つよ strong   つよまる to get stronger   つよめる to strengthen   しいる to compel, to force   
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カ   ケ   ばける to change   
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メイ   ミョウ    life; fate   いのち life   
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レイ    order   
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シュツ   スイ   だ to take out, to put out   で to go out, to exit   
ゲン   ゴン   say; word   こと word, saying   い to say   
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ホウ   かた way, direction   
キ   ケ    spirit   
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