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Grammar detail: verb stem + にいく/にいきます

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JLPT:
verb stem + にいく/にいきます - go to (do something)
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verb stem
+
or
きます
is a very useful expression which means 'go (in order to) do (something)'.
It is very commonly used with the stem
of the verb
る (see) to mean 'go to see'. For example:
よく
えいが
映画
きます

I often go to the movies.
Here are a few more examples:
かれ
まいにち
毎日
かわ
およ
いく
He goes swimming in the river every day.
にほん
日本
べんきょう
勉強

I am going to Japan to study.
まち
たんじょうび
誕生日
プレゼント

I am going downtown to buy a birthday present.
こんや
今夜
スペイン
りょうり
料理
食べに行く
We're going out for Spanish food tonight.
ともだち
友達

I'm going to meet up with a friend.
いく is equally commonly written in kana or kanji.
Unless it follows a verb stem, に +
く simply means 'go (somewhere)'.
がっこう
学校
じかん
時間
です
It's time to go to school.
It is possible for this construction to be split into its parts by a subordinate clause such as a destination. For example:
わたし
トニー
くん
とうきょう
東京
った

I went to Tokyo to see Tony.
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Kanji used in this grammar

コウ   ギョウ   アン   ゆ    い to go   おこな to take place   
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ケン   み to see   みえる to be seen; to appear   みせる to show   
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エイ   はえる to shine   うつ to be reflected   うつ to reflect, project   
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2
ガ   カク   draw
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2
ヒ   かれ he   
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3
マイ   every, each
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ニチ   ジツ   sun; day   ひ    -か    
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セン   かわ river   
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エイ   およ swim   
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3
ホン   book   もと origin   
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ベン    exertion   
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キョウ   ゴウ   つよ strong   つよまる to get stronger   つよめる to strengthen   しいる to compel, to force   
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2
カイ   ガイ   まち town, thoroughfare, street   
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5
タン    birth   
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5
セイ   ショウ    life   なま raw   いかす to enliven   いきる to live   いける to arrange flowers   うまれる to be born   う to give birth to   き pure, undiluted   お to grow, to sprout   はえる to grow, to sprout   はやす to grow, cultivate   
1
バイ   か to buy   
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2
コン   キン   いま now   
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ヤ   よる    よ night   
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2
リョウ    fee   
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リ    logic   
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ショク   ジキ    food   たべる to eat   く to eat   
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ユウ   とも friend   
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タツ    arrive   
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3
カイ   エ   あ to meet   
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2
ガク   まな to learn   
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コウ    exam   
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ジ   とき time, occasion   
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カン   ケン   あいだ interval, between   ま space, room   
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シ   わたくし    わたし I, myself   
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クン   きみ you   
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トウ   ひがし east   
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キョウ   ケイ    capital   
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2
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