Components

Grammar detail: 〜にする

〜にする - to make something ~; to decide on ~
Tweet
146 words
My current mastery of this grammar point:
LOG IN to view grammar mastery data
Grammar games:
GRAMMAR MATCH
SENTENCE BUILDER
BOOST
な adjective
or
noun
+
にする
means
to make something (into the state described)
or
to decide on (the situation described)
Here we see an example meaning 'make' - literally 'make below that':
それ
いか
以下
すること
むり
無理
です
It's impossible to reduce it below that.
Here we see an example meaning 'decide on' - 'what shall we decide on':
ゆうしょく
夕食
なに
しましょ
What would you like for supper?
にする is part of several common set phrases which have a more natural translation into English. For example:
わたし
ひとり
一人
しておいてください
Please leave me alone.
Here we could say 'make me alone', but of course it's more natural to say 'leave me alone'.
かのじょ
彼女
その
はな
とても
だいじ
大事
している
She has been cherishing that flower.
Here 'make important' is more naturally translated using words such as 'cherish', 'hold dear', 'care for' etc.
らいしゅう
来週
する
たの
しみ
しています
I'm looking forward to seeing you next week.
The phrase
たの
しみにする is a very useful expression. We start with the verb
たの
しむ (look forward to) in stem form
たの
しみ (the act of looking forward to), and add にする (decide on the act of looking forward to).
LOG IN to view flashcard data

Kanji used in this grammar

ガク   ラク    music   たのしい happy, pleasant   たのしむ to be happy   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
イ    (prefix) or   
カ   ゲ   した below, under   しも bottom part   もと under (influence)   さげる to lower, to reduce   さがる to be lowered   くだ to descend   くだ to judge   くださる to give   おろす to drop off (passenger)   おりる to get off (train)   
ム   ブ   な not   
リ    logic   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
セキ   ゆう night   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ショク   ジキ    food   たべる to eat   く to eat   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
カ   なに    なん what?   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
シ   わたくし    わたし I, myself   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
イチ   イツ   ひと    ひと- one   
ジン   ニン   ひと person   
ヒ   かれ he   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ジョ   ニョ   ニョウ   woman; female   おんな woman   め woman   
カ   はな flower   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ダイ   タイ   おおきい big   おおいに very much   おお-    
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ジ   ズ   こと thing; matter   
ライ   く to come   きた to be forthcoming   きた to induce   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
シュウ    a week   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
カイ   エ   あ to meet   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
Problem with this grammar? Question or comment? Please CONTACT US.
×