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Grammar detail: はず

2
4
JLPT:
はず - ought
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はず
means
ought (to do something), should be/have (some way)
 
もしスー
ひこうき
飛行機
できているならまもなく
はず
If Sue is coming by air, she ought to arrive very soon.
The tenses of the verbs used before and after はず can be tricky. When the thing that ought to have happened is already past, the verb before はず should be past tense.
かれ
ような
きびん
機敏
おとこ
ならばその
あら
たな
じょうきょう
状況
てきおう
適応
できなかったはずないだろう
Such a clever man as he couldn't have failed to adapt himself to the new situation.
When the result is also something that happened in the past, the verb after はず should be in the past tense, but the verb describing the thing that ought to have happened is in the *present* tense.
かれ
はずだった10
なるまで
すがた
姿
あらわ
さなかった

He was supposed to be there at 8 o'clock but he didn't show up till ten.
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Kanji used in this grammar

ヒ   と to fly   とばす to let fly   
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3
コウ   ギョウ   アン   ゆ    い to go   おこな to take place   
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1
キ    machine   はた loom   
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3
チャク   ジャク   つ to arrive   つける to attach   き to wear   きせる to make wear   
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2
ヒ   かれ he   
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3
ビン    cleverness   
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5
ダン   ナン   おとこ male, man   
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1
シン   あたらしい    あら    にい- new   
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2
ジョウ    condition, circumstances   
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3
キョウ    situation   
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4
テキ    suitable   
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3
オウ   おうじる to satisfy, reply, comply   こたえる to respond to   
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5
ジ   とき time, occasion   
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1
ライ   く to come   きた to be forthcoming   きた to induce   
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1
姿
シ   すがた appearance, form, shape   
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5
ゲン    present   あらわれる to appear   あらわ to show   
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3
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