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Grammar detail: uses of より

uses of より
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より is a useful particle which can be applied in several different ways.

Comparisons

The most common use of より is for comparisons, and it can be used with several different patterns. The most straightforward and common construction is 〜のほうが〜より:
Note that in more advanced sentences, the のほうが may be omitted. For example, in the following sentence, the first part of the comparison (彼らの能力) is just marked with the topic marker は, instead of のほうが:
はじ
かれ
のうりょく
能力
どうぶつ
動物
たち
のうりょく
能力
より
せいげん
制限
されている

At first their abilities are more limited than those of animals.
より can also be used without a specific item to compare against, to evoke the idea of an increase of something:
An alternative way to compare with something specific places the item being compared with before というより:

By means of

When preceded by に, より takes on a different meaning:
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Kanji used in this grammar

ヒ   かれ he   
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ノウ    ability   
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リョク   リキ   ちから effort; power   
ショ   はつ    うい-    はじ beginning   -ぞ first doing of   
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ドウ   うご to move, to stir   うごかす to shift, to move   
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ブツ   モツ   もの thing   
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セイ    system; regulations   
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ゲン   かぎ to limit, restrict   
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