Components

Grammar detail: ん contraction of の

ん contraction of の
143 words
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In certain situations, the particle の can be contracted to ん, especially (but not exclusively) in colloquial speech. Some common examples include:
  • ので ➜ んで
ぼく
くるま
こしょう
故障
している
んで
こん
しゅうり
修理
こうじょう
工場
はい
っている

My car is broken and it's in the shop now.
  • のです ➜ んです
This example illustrates the most common use of のです / んです - to 'soften' the sentence slightly. It would be grammatically correct to say 何を読んでいますか, but the form used here is a little more friendly and natural.
なに
んでいる
です
What are you reading?
  • のだけど ➜ んだけど
こうざ
口座
ばんごう
番号
これけど
Here's my account number.
  • のだから ➜ んだから
あたま
いた
たり
まえ
さくや
昨夜
あんなに
んだ
から
No wonder you've got a headache; the amount you drank last night.
This example demonstrates a characteristic use of んだから. While it would be grammatically correct to say 昨夜あんなに飲んだからね, the longer version implies that the topic is something the listener already knows about - in this case, rather like a form of 'I told you so'. Generally, んだから is used instead of plain から when the topic is something already known to both speaker and listener.
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Kanji used in this grammar

カ   なに    なん what?   
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ドク   トク   トウ   よ to read   
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サク    yesterday   
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ヤ   よる    よ night   
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イン   の to drink   
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ボク    me, I   
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シャ   くるま car   
コ   strike   ゆえ reason; deceased   
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ショウ   さわ to hinder, hamper   
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コン   キン   いま now   
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シュウ   シュ   おさめる to master   
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リ    logic   
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コウ   ク    work; construction; craft   
ジョウ   ば place   
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ニュウ   い to enter   はい to enter   いれる to put in   
コウ   ク   くち mouth   
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ザ   すわ to sit   
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バン    turn   
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ゴウ    nickname   
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トウ   ト   ズ   あたま    かしら head   
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ツウ   いた painful   いた to hurt, be painful   いためる to hurt, damage   
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トウ   あてる    あたる to hit   
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ゼン   まえ before   
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