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Grammar detail: 一(ひと)phrasal verbs

一(ひと)phrasal verbs
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It is quite common in Japanese to turn simple expressions of the form
noun + を + verb
into an expression of the form
ひと
+ noun + verb
In other words, を is dropped, and 一 is added. The expressions (known technically as 'phrasal verbs') that result have the same general meaning as the original form, but often add a somewhat heightened or emphatic sense.
Additionally, the modified form can be used as an adjective to modify the succeeding term or phrase, which would not sound natural with the original form containing を.
expression, 'ku' godan verb
to perspire; to sweat
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expression, 'ku' godan verb
to work up a good sweat; to take good exercise  (see also: 汗をかく)
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Where 汗をかく means simply 'to sweat', 一汗かく suggests something more along the lines of 'work up a good sweat'.
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expression, 'ku' godan verb
to take a breath; to take a short rest
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expression, 'ku' godan verb
1. to take a breather; to take a rest  (see also: 一息入れる)
2. to catch one's breath; to take a breath
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expression, ichidan verb
to hit the mark; to be on target
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expression, ichidan verb
to be right on target; to strike it rich
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expression, 'tsu' godan verb
1. to play a trick; to put up a false show; to deceive someone
2. to put on a play; to present a play; to give a play  (see also: 一芝居打つ; original meaning)
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expression, 'tsu' godan verb
to play a trick; to put up a false show; to deceive someone  (see also: 芝居を打つ)
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Many verbs of this form simply use する. Here are a few examples:
ひとこと
一言
single word; a few words; brief comment
ひとあんしん
一安心
feeling of relief
ひとくふう
一工夫
contrivance; bit of fiddling; little ingenuity
ひとくろう
一苦労
a hard time; pains
ひともうけ
一儲け
making money; making a profit
Note:
ひと
+ another (typically single kanji) word is a common pattern, meaning 'a single', often with the connotation of 'just ~' or 'a little ~'. For example:
ひとむかし
一昔
ages; long time; decade; the past ten years
ひとむかしまえ
一昔前
long ago; previous; of a former age
ひときわ
一際
conspicuously; noticeably; remarkably; still more; especially
ひとめ
一目
glance; look; glimpse
ひとけた
一桁
one digit; one column; the "ones" column
ひとあせ
一汗
doing a job; riding and sweating up a horse
ひとあし
一足
step; short distance; short time
ひといき
一息
one breath; pause; rest
ひとまわり
一回り
one turn; one round
ひととおり
一通り
(in) general; broad (e.g. knowledge); the basics
ひとにぎり
一握り
handful; small handful
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Kanji used in this grammar

イチ   イツ   ひと    ひと- one   
カン   あせ sweat   
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ゲン   ゴン   say; word   こと word, saying   い to say   
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アン   やす peaceful; cheap   
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シン   こころ heart   
コウ   ク    work   
フ   フウ   おっと husband   
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ク   くるしい painful   くるしむ to suffer   くるしめる to torment   にが bitter   にが to feel bitter   
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ロウ    labor   
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チョ   profit   もうける to make a profit   
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セキ   シャク   ancient; old   むかし ancient   
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ゼン   まえ before   
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サイ    occasion   きわ    -ぎわ edge   
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ボク   モク   eye   ま-    め    
けた column, girder; digit   
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ソク   あし foot; leg   た to add   た    たりる to be sufficient   
ソク   いき breath   
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カイ   エ   まわ to revolve   まわ to make turn   
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ツ   ツウ   とお to pass through   とお to let pass   かよ to commute   
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アク   にぎ to grasp   
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