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Grammar detail: 影響を与える(えいきょうをあたえる)

影響を与える(えいきょうをあたえる) - to affect, to influence
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noun X
+
+
noun Y
+
+
える
means
noun X affects/influences noun Y
きつえん
喫煙
けんこう
健康
えいきょう
影響
あた
える

Smoking affects your health.
Note that in many cases the noun after に will be which is described by an adjective and in turn explains the kind of effect or influence it has on 'noun X'.
そのような
ざっし
雑誌
こども
子供
おお
きな
えいきょう
影響
あた
える

Such magazines have a great influence on children.
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Kanji used in this grammar

エイ   かげ shadow   
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5
キョウ   ひび to affect; to resound   
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5
ヨ   あたえる to grant, give, bestow   
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3
キツ    eat, drink, smoke   
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4
エン   けむり smoke   けむ to smoke (chimney etc.)   けむ smoky   
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3
ケン   すこやか healthy   
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5
コウ    peace, composure   
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5
ザツ   ゾウ    miscellaneous   
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3
シ    document   
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4
シ   ス   こ child   
1
キョウ   ク   そなえる to make an offering   とも servant, attendant   
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3
ダイ   タイ   おおきい big   おおいに very much   おお-    
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1
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