Kanshudo Component Builder
×
Draw a component:
Type a component or its name:
 
Choose from a list:
Change component list
×
By default the Component Builder shows the most common Joyo kanji components (ie, components which are themselves Joyo kanji, or which are used in at least 3 other Joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.



For details of all components and their English names, see the Component collections.
Kanshudo Component Builder Help
×
For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of. Once you have identified any component, search for it in any of three ways:
  1. Draw it in the drawing area
  2. Type the name in the text area
  3. Look for it in the list
Example: look up 漢
  • Notice that 漢 is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫
  • Draw any of these components (one at a time) in the drawing area, and select it when you see it
  • Alternatively, look for a component in the list. 氵 艹 口 each have three strokes; 夫 has four strokes
  • If you know the meanings of the components, type any of them in the text area: water (氵), grass (艹), mouth (口) or husband (夫)
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.
Kanshudo Component Builder Drawing Help
×
The Kanshudo Component Builder can recognize any of the 416 components listed in the chart below the drawing area. Tips:
  • Draw a component in the center of the area, as large as you can
  • Try to draw the component as it appears in the kanji you're looking up
  • Don't worry about stroke order or number of strokes
  • Don't draw more than one component at a time
Not finding your component?
If you believe you've drawn your component correctly but the system is not recognizing it, please:
Let us know!
Components

Grammar detail: an introduction to 敬語(けいご)and politeness in Japanese

an introduction to 敬語(けいご)and politeness in Japanese -
Tweet
513 words
My current mastery of this grammar point:
LOG IN to view grammar mastery data
Grammar games:
GRAMMAR MATCH
SENTENCE BUILDER
BOOST
けいご
敬語
is the Japanese term for 'polite language'. You will encounter the most important aspect of 敬語 very early in your Japanese studies: in normal speech, we use the ます form of a verb (also called the 'polite' form), instead of the dictionary form (also called the plain form).
plain formpolite formmeaning
きます
run
います
say
Nouns can be made 'more polite' by prefixing them with either お or ご. In general, お is used for words of Japanese origin and ご is used for words of Chinese origin, but there are exceptions, and it is best to learn the most common words. In some cases, the お or ご form of a word has become the generally accepted form, such as お
かね
, お
ちゃ
or お
みせ
.
お金 (money)お休み (holiday)お祝い (celebration)
お酒 (alcohol)お皿 (dish)お店 (store)
ご主人 (husband)ご機嫌 (mood)ご祝儀 (tip)
These forms are collectively known as
ていねいご
丁寧語
(polite language).
Humble and honorific forms
In addition to the plain and polite forms, however, 敬語 encompasses two more concepts. Using these concepts correctly is tricky even for native speakers, because not only do they require slightly different vocabulary and grammar, they also require a conceptual understanding of exactly when to apply each form. The concepts are the 'honorific', which is used when talking about a third person, and the 'humble', which is used when talking about yourself. The basic idea is that to be extremely polite, you want to 'honor' the person you are talking to or about, and you want to 'humble' yourself.
Generally speaking, you will only need to use the honorific and humble forms yourself in formal situations - speeches, special events etc. However, you will hear them used quite a lot, because they are used for example in shops and restaurants. So it is worth familiarizing yourself with the idea quite early on, and then learning specific examples as you encounter them.
Honorific forms
Honorific forms are used when you are talking about a third party. In many situations, you can simply swap a standard verb for an honorific verb. In other cases, if a specific honorific verb does not exist, you can use an honorific form of the standard verb.
Honorific alternatives exist for many standard verbs, and in some cases there are multiple alternatives. Here are some of the most common:
するなさるdo
行くおいでになるgo
言うおっしゃるsay
くれる下さるgive
食べる召し上がるeat
Any verb can be made honorific by using the お + になる form.
待つお待ちになるwait
教えるお教えになるteach
Another common approach is to use the passive form of a verb - the passive form is considered honorific.
These forms are known as
そんけいご
尊敬語
(honorific language).
Humble forms
Humble forms are used when you are talking about yourself. Essentially you are showing respect to your listeners by using humble terms for words or actions that refer to yourself.
いるおるbe
行く参るgo
見る拝見するsee
言う申し上げる (opinion) or 申す (name)say
Any verb can be made humble by using the お + する form (sometimes called the affirmative humble form).
待つお待ちするwait
教えるお教えするteach
案内するご案内するintroduce
These forms are known as
けんじょうご
謙譲語
(humble language).
LOG IN to view flashcard data

Kanji used in this grammar

ケイ   うやま to respect, revere   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ゴ   かた to talk, relate   かたらう to talk together, chat   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
コウ   ギョウ   アン   ゆ    い to go   おこな to take place   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ゲン   ゴン   say; word   こと word, saying   い to say   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
キン   コン   かね gold; money   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
チャ   サ    tea   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
テン   みせ shop   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
キュウ   やす to rest   やすまる to be rested   やすめる to suspend (use etc.)   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
シュク   シュウ   いわ to celebrate   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
シュ   さけ    さか- sake   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
さら dish   
シュ   ス   master   ぬし landlord   おも main   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ジン   ニン   ひと person   
キ    machine   はた loom   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ケン   ゲン   いや disagreeable   きら to dislike   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ギ    ceremony   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
チョウ   テイ    a (city) block; counter for long/narrow things, blocks of tofu   
ネイ    preferable, rather; peaceful, quiet   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
カ   ゲ   した below, under   しも bottom part   もと under (influence)   さげる to lower, to reduce   さがる to be lowered   くだ to descend   くだ to judge   くださる to give   おろす to drop off (passenger)   おりる to get off (train)   
ショク   ジキ    food   たべる to eat   く to eat   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ショウ   め to summon   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ジョウ   ショウ   うえ above   うわ- above   あげる to raise   あがる to rise   かみ first half, upper part   のぼ to climb   のぼせる to bring up, to raise   のぼ to bring up   
タイ   ま to wait   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
キョウ   おしえる to teach   おそわる to be taught   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ソン   たっと    とうと precious, dear, exalted   たっと    とうと to set a high value on, to esteem highly   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
サン   まい to visit, go, come   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ケン   み to see   みえる to be seen; to appear   みせる to show   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ハイ   おが to pray, to venerate   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
シン   もう to say   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
アン    plan   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ナイ   ダイ   うち inside   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ケン    self-effacing   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ジョウ   ゆず to yield, concede; to transfer, assign   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
Problem with this grammar? Question or comment? Please CONTACT US.
×