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Grammar detail: 「答える」「応える」の違い

「答える」「応える」の違い - different forms of こたえる
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答える and 応える are both read こたえる, and
こた
え (an answer) and
こた
える (to answer) are both extremely useful words, among the first you will encounter in Japanese.
As with many Japanese words, however, subtly different usages of the same Japanese word (in this case こたえる) are written in different ways.
答える is used when referring to answering a question:
質問に答えるanswer a question
アンケートに答えるfill in a questionnaire
応える is used in the sense of 'responding to' something. In English this can also use the word 'answer' (eg answer the call of nature), but a better word might be appropriate for a given context.
要望に応えるrespond to (a) demand
期待に応えるfulfill (an) expectation
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Words used in this grammar

3
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
to answer; to reply
(click the word for examples and links)
3
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
1. to respond; to answer; to meet (e.g. demands, expectations)  (this meaning is restricted to form 応える, 報える)
2. to affect; to take a toll; to strike home; to have an effect on; to be hard on someone (e.g. heat, cold, work, illness, etc.); to be a strain  (see also: 堪える; sometimes 堪える)
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)

Kanji used in this grammar

トウ   こた an answer   こたえる to answer   
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オウ   おうじる to satisfy, reply, comply   こたえる to respond to   
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シツ   シチ   チ    quality; substance   
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モン   と question   と to ask   とん wholesale   
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ヨウ   い to need   かなめ pivotal point   
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ボウ   モウ   のぞ to wish for   
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キ   ゴ    period of time   
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タイ   ま to wait   
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