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Grammar detail: 聞く

聞く - ask or listen
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く is a verb which can mean either 'ask' or 'listen' depending on the context.
In the following examples, く means 'ask':
おんな
ひと
きました
しごと
仕事
です
“Are you on business?”, the girl asks.
だれ
いた

Who did you ask?
せんせい
先生
いて
ください
Please ask the teacher.
In the following examples, く means 'listen':
だれも
はなし
いていなかった

No-one was listening to the speaker.
せんせい
先生
はなし
よく
いて
ください
Please listen carefully to what the teacher is saying.
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Kanji used in this grammar

ブン   モン   き to listen, to hear   きこえる to be heard   
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1
ジョ   ニョ   ニョウ   woman; female   おんな woman   め woman   
1
ジン   ニン   ひと man   
1
シ   ジ   つかえる to attend to   
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2
ジ   ズ   こと thing; matter   
2
だれ who   
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3
セン   さき ahead   
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1
セイ   ショウ    life   なま raw   いかす to enliven   いきる to live   いける to arrange flowers   うまれる to be born   う to give birth to   き pure, undiluted   お to grow, to sprout   はえる to grow, to sprout   はやす to grow, cultivate   
1
ワ   はな to talk   はなし talking   
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1
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