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Grammar detail: adverbs

adverbs
121 words
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In Japanese, an adverb is placed before a verb.
Making adverbs from い adjectives in Japanese is easy - the い becomes a く:
  • はや
    い early ➜
    はや
    くquickly, fast
この
ほん
とても
たの
しく
めます

This book will give you great pleasure.
For な adjectives, just add a に instead of a な:
  • しずか quiet ➜ しずかに quietly
  • しんせつ kind ➜ しんせつに kindly
Some adverbs are not created from adjectives, and are followed immediately by the verb:
  • たくさん a lot
  • けっこう
    結構
    fairly
  • ぜんぜん
    全然
    not at all
Some adjectives, especially onomatopoeic adverbs, can optionally be followed by と. The と is not essential, but adds a slightly more formal / literary sound:
  • いろいろ (と) variously
  • はっきり (と) clearly
  • ゆっくり (と) slowly
  • しっかり (と) tightly
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Kanji used in this grammar

ソウ   サッ   early; fast   はや early   はやまる be hasty   はやめる to expedite, to hasten   
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ケツ   むす    ゆわえる to bind   ゆ to braid   
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コウ   かまえる to build, set up, get ready   かま to mind, to care about   
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ゼン   まった entirely   すべ everything   
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ゼン   ネン    resemble   
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ホン   book   もと origin   
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ガク   ラク    music   たのしい happy, pleasant   たのしむ to be happy   
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ドク   トク   トウ   よ to read   
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