Kanshudo Component Builder
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By default the Component Builder shows the most common Joyo kanji components (ie, components which are themselves Joyo kanji, or which are used in at least 3 other Joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.



For details of all components and their English names, see the Component collections.
Kanshudo Component Builder Help
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For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of. Once you have identified any component, search for it in any of three ways:
  1. Draw it in the drawing area
  2. Type the name in the text area
  3. Look for it in the list
Example: look up 漢
  • Notice that 漢 is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫
  • Draw any of these components (one at a time) in the drawing area, and select it when you see it
  • Alternatively, look for a component in the list. 氵 艹 口 each have three strokes; 夫 has four strokes
  • If you know the meanings of the components, type any of them in the text area: water (氵), grass (艹), mouth (口) or husband (夫)
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.
Kanshudo Component Builder Drawing Help
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The Kanshudo Component Builder can recognize any of the 416 components listed in the chart below the drawing area. Tips:
  • Draw a component in the center of the area, as large as you can
  • Try to draw the component as it appears in the kanji you're looking up
  • Don't worry about stroke order or number of strokes
  • Don't draw more than one component at a time
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Components

Grammar detail: colors in Japanese

colors in Japanese
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As in English, colors in Japanese can be used as nouns or as adjectives. However, color words can be somewhat irregular.
Let's start with the basics! The most common colors in Japanese have forms which end in い and function as normal い adjectives.
redあかい
blueあおい
whiteしろい
blackくろい
Usage of any of these colors is perfectly regular. For example:
あか
ネクタイ
いました

I bought a red tie.
かお
あか

Your face is red.
When using these forms as nouns, the い is simply omitted. For example:
わたし
だいす
大好
きな
いろ
あか
です
My favorite color is red.
More generally, the noun form of a color is created by taking the kanji for the color, and then adding the kanji that means color,
いろ
. For example:
yellowきいろ
grayはいいろ
greenみどりいろ
brownちゃいろ (literally 'tea color')
When a color name is formed this way, it can be turned into an adjective by adding い:
この
きいろ
黄色
セーター
てみません

Why don't you try on this yellow sweater?
Some colors are irregular - the kanji is used to make the noun form, and the noun form is turned into an adjective using の:
purpleむらさき
greenみどり
むらさき
じゅうたんこの
あか
カーテン
ちょうわ
調和
しない
だろう
A purple carpet will not go with this red curtain.

Reading of

is read either with its on reading ショク or its kun reading いろ. As we've already seen, it is somewhat irregular - it's often read in kanji compounds with いろ (whereas you would expect the on reading). So when do you use each reading? In general:
  • When you see on its own, it is read いろ.
  • When you are referring to a specific color, or a situation where a single color applies, you would use いろ. So for example: , , .
  • When you are counting colors, or referring to a concept which might involve several colors, you use しょく. So for example: , , , , .
  • When combined with kanji that function as color adjectives on their own, such as い, the reading tends to be しょく. For example: , .
To see comprehensive lists of words that use each reading, use our kanji reading search tool:

Some additional notes

In Japanese, the color い is usually translated 'blue' and as 'green'. However, the 'blue' color of い includes the blue-green color of traffic lights, and is usually reserved for brighter greens such as emerald. Partly as a result of this, Japan traffic lights are considered to be (red, yellow, blue-green) - not 'red, orange, green' (for more on Japanese traffic lights, see the link below).
The English expression 'black and white' has a parallel expression, but in Japanese the colors are reversed:
しろくろ
(white and black).
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Kanji used in this grammar

セキ   シャク   あか    あか red   あからむ to turn red   あからめる to blush   
2
セイ   ショウ   あお-    あお blue   
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2
ハク   ビャク   しろ white   しろ    しら-    
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1
コク   くろ    くろ black   
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2
ショク   シキ   いろ color   
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2
オウ   コウ   き    こ yellow   
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4
カイ   はい ashes   
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4
ロク   リョク   みどり green   
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4
チャ   サ    tea   
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2
シ   むらさき purple   
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5
カ   なに    なん what?   
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1
ガン   かお face   
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3
イチ   イツ   ひと    ひと- one   
1
ニ   ふた    ふた two   
1
ハイ   くば to distribute   
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3
ゲン   はら meadow   
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3
テン   あめ    あま- heaven   
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1
ゼン   ネン    resemble   
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3
バイ   か to buy   
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2
シ   わたくし    わたし I, myself   
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2
ダイ   タイ   おおきい big   おおいに very much   おお-    
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1
コウ   この    す to like   
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チャク   ジャク   つ to arrive   つける to attach   き to wear   きせる to make wear   
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2
調
チョウ   しらべる to investigate   ととの to be arranged, to be in order   ととのえる to adjust, tune   
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3
ワ   オ    peace, harmony   なご to be calmed down   なごやか calm, gentle   やわらぐ to be softened   やわらげる to soften; to alleviate   
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3
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