Grammar detail: ば conditional form

ば conditional form  if
126 words
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The conditional form of a verb means 'if (verb)'.
The conditional is formed by replacing the う sound of the dictionary form with the equivalent え and then adding ば. So for example:
  • よむ read ➜ よめば if I read
  • たべる eat ➜ たべれば if I eat
This 'ば form' can actually be used with adjectives and nouns. In the case of い adjectives, the い is replaced with ければ:
  • よい good ➜ よければ if it's good
  • ない not ➜ なければ if it's not
For nouns and な adjectives, just add であれば (which comes from である, a form of 'is'):
  • にちようび
    Sunday ➜
    であれば if it's Sunday
  • しず
    か quiet ➜
    かであれば if it's quiet
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Kanji used in this grammar

ニチ   ジツ   sun; day   ひ    -か    
ヨウ    day of the week   
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セイ   ジョウ   しず quiet, still   しずまる to become still   しずめる to becalm, to quell   
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