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Grammar detail: irregular negative forms

irregular negative forms
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Various irregular negative forms exist. Some are modern colloquial variants in current use. Some are literary or classical forms which you may encounter in older texts, or which may still be used to invoke a formal or literary sense.

ん sometimes replaces ない in a verb form. This is a colloquial, somewhat 'rough' form, commonly used in speech. It occurs commonly in the word すまん, shortened from すまない (the plain form of すみません).
すまんミスった
Sorry, I made a mistake.
Another common usage is to form the negative of とする (try to do) - としない becomes the (irregular) とせん.
そと
せかい
世界
よう
とせんのです
She does not even try to go out into the world.
Source: 世界の終りとハードボイルド・ワンダーランド(村上 春樹)

せん

せん is a colloquial form of しない. It is common as an alternative to としない.
そと
せかい
世界
よう
とせんのです
She does not even try to go out into the world.
Source: 世界の終りとハードボイルド・ワンダーランド(村上 春樹)

ざる

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Kanji used in this grammar

ガイ   ゲ   そと outside   ほか other   はず to remove, mislead   はずれる to come off, to miss   
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セ   セイ   よ the world   
カイ    world   
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シュツ   スイ   だ to take out, to put out   で to go out, to exit   
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