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Grammar detail: Kanji terminology

Kanji terminology
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This article introduces the Japanese words for key terms related to kanji and kanji usage. Terms are listed in あかさ (gojūon) order.
かんじ
Kanji - literally, a Chinese character. In Chinese, the same term is read/pronounced Hanzi.
かんたいじ
A simplified modern form of a kanji. This term is the general term; In Japan, simplified kanji are more commonly known as
きゅうじたい
A traditional (as opposed to simplified) form of a kanji.
ごじゅうおん
The gojūon (fifty sounds) is an ordering system for the sounds (phonemes) of Japanese. It is typically used to order hiragana and katakana. The order is sometimes casually referred to as あかさ order.
しんじたい
Japanese modern (typically simplified) forms of traditional kanji.
じんめいよう
The Jinmeiyō kanji are a set of 862 kanji allowed for use in names, but not designated part of the Jōyō kanji. For a full list, see our Jinmeiyō collection.
じょうよう
The Jōyō kanji are the 2136 'daily use' kanji designated by the Japanese government for use in official documents. Generally Japanese media also restrict kanji usage to kanji in the Jōyō set, together with Jinmeiyō for names. For a full list, see our Jōyō collection.
はんたいじ
A traditional form of a kanji (in contrast to a simplified form). In Japanese, traditional forms are usually known as to contrast with modern .
ひょうがいじ
Hyōgaiji, literally ('characters outside the chart') refers to all kanji which are not Jōyō or Jinmeiyō. By some estimates there are as many as 50,000 characters, including many variants and unused characters.
ぶしゅ
A kanji's radical - one of the 214 key components used to identify the kanji in standard dictionaries. The Japanese radicals are based on the
こうき
ぶしゅ
, known in English as the Kangxi radicals, after the first dictionary in which they were compiled.
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Kanji used in this grammar

カン    Chinese   
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2
ジ   character   あざ village section   
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2
カン    simplicity   
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4
タイ   テイ   からだ body   
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2
シン   あたらしい    あら    にい- new   
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2
キュウ    former, old   
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4
ゴ   いつ-    いつ five   
1
ジュウ   ジッ   と    とお ten   
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1
オン   イン   sound   おと    ね    
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2
ジン   ニン   ひと man   
1
メイ   ミョウ   な name   
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1
ヨウ   もちいる to use   
2
ジョウ   つね usual, normal   とこ- endless, unchanging   
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3
ハン    luxuriant, thickly growing   
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5
ヒョウ   おもて surface, front   あらわ to show, to present   あらわれる to be present, to appear   
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3
ガイ   ゲ   そと outside   ほか other   はず to remove, mislead   はずれる to come off, to miss   
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1
ブ   part
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3
シュ   くび neck; head   
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3
コウ    peace, composure   
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5
キ    bright, splendid, prosperous, sunny   
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Example
To find the kanji :
  • Notice that it is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫.
  • 氵 艹 口 all have three strokes, so you could look in the list in the 3 stroke section. 夫 has four strokes.
  • Alternatively, you could start typing 'water' (氵), 'grass' (艹), 'mouth' (口) or 'husband' (夫) in the search area, and the components will be highlighted in yellow.
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.