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Grammar detail: Using kanji or kana for grammar

Using kanji or kana for grammar
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Many grammatical constructions in Japanese can be written with either kanji or kana. When should you use the kanji form, and when should you use the kana form? This is a complex question even for native speakers, and is the subject of several books, so there is no 'right and wrong'. However, there are several conventions.
Some constructions are conventionally written in kanji wherever they appear.
Conversely, some constructions are conventionally written in kana.
Some constructions are written in kanji when they appear in certain forms, and kana when they appear in others. For example,
しだい
次第
(depending) is often written in kanji when used as a noun (eg
こと
しだい
次第
), and in kana when used as a suffix (eg
かれ
しだい).
Some constructions are commonly written in both ways, and the choice depends on desired impact. Writing in kanji (sometimes called
じる
in Japanese) can have a more official, formal tone, whereas writing in kana (sometimes called
ひら
) can be softer.
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Kanji used in this grammar

ジ   シ   つぎ next   つ to come after   
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3
ダイ    number   
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5
ジ   ズ   こと thing; matter   
2
ヒ   かれ he   
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3
ヘイ   closed   しまる to be closed   しめる to close   とじる to close, to finish   とざす to shut, to lock   
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3
カイ   あ to (be) open   あける    ひら to open (something)   ひらける to open out (eg view)   
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2
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Full details of all components and their English names can be found here.
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To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of.
For any components you recognize, if you know the English meaning or name, start typing it in the text area. Full details of all components and their English names can be found here.
Alternatively, count the strokes of the component, and scan the list to find it visually.
Example
To find the kanji :
  • Notice that it is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫.
  • 氵 艹 口 all have three strokes, so you could look in the list in the 3 stroke section. 夫 has four strokes.
  • Alternatively, you could start typing 'water' (氵), 'grass' (艹), 'mouth' (口) or 'husband' (夫) in the search area, and the components will be highlighted in yellow.
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.