Kanshudo Component Builder
Draw a component:
Type a component or its name:
Choose from a list:
Change component list
By default the Component Builder shows the most common Joyo kanji components (ie, components which are themselves Joyo kanji, or which are used in at least 3 other Joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.

For details of all components and their English names, see the Component collections.
Kanshudo Component Builder Help
For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of. Once you have identified any component, search for it in any of three ways:
  1. Draw it in the drawing area
  2. Type the name in the text area
  3. Look for it in the list
Example: look up 漢
  • Notice that 漢 is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫
  • Draw any of these components (one at a time) in the drawing area, and select it when you see it
  • Alternatively, look for a component in the list. 氵 艹 口 each have three strokes; 夫 has four strokes
  • If you know the meanings of the components, type any of them in the text area: water (氵), grass (艹), mouth (口) or husband (夫)
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.
Kanshudo Component Builder Drawing Help
The Kanshudo Component Builder can recognize any of the 416 components listed in the chart below the drawing area. Tips:
  • Draw a component in the center of the area, as large as you can
  • Try to draw the component as it appears in the kanji you're looking up
  • Don't worry about stroke order or number of strokes
  • Don't draw more than one component at a time
Not finding your component?
If you believe you've drawn your component correctly but the system is not recognizing it, please:
Let us know!

Grammar detail: using kanji or kana for grammar

using kanji or kana for grammar
221 words
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Many grammatical constructions in Japanese can be written with either kanji or kana. When should you use the kanji form, and when should you use the kana form? This is a complex question even for native speakers, and is the subject of several books, so there is no 'right and wrong'. However, there are several conventions.
Some constructions are conventionally written in kanji wherever they appear.
Conversely, some constructions are conventionally written in kana.
As a general rule, most 'auxiliary forms' - forms where a verb or word that can be used independently is added to another word to change its meaning - are written with kana. For example, てはいけない (must not do) is preferable to ては行けない, てみる is preferable to て見る, and 小さいとき is preferable to 小さい時. Some exceptions to this include 〜た上で and 〜た中.
Some constructions are written in kanji when they appear in certain forms, and kana when they appear in others. For example,
(depending) is often written in kanji when used as a noun (eg
), and in kana when used as a suffix (eg
Some constructions are commonly written in both ways, and the choice depends on desired impact. Writing in kanji (sometimes called
in Japanese) can have a more official, formal tone, whereas writing in kana (sometimes called
) can be softer.
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Kanji used in this grammar

コウ   ギョウ   アン   ゆ    い to go   おこな to take place   
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ケン   み to see   みえる to be seen; to appear   みせる to show   
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ショウ   こ-    お-    ちいさい small   
ジ   とき time, occasion   
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ジョウ   ショウ   うえ above   うわ- above   あげる to raise   あがる to rise   かみ first half, upper part   のぼ to climb   のぼせる to bring up, to raise   のぼ to bring up   
チュウ   ジュウ   なか middle   
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ジ   シ   つぎ next   つ to come after   
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ダイ    number   
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ジ   ズ   こと thing; matter   
ヒ   かれ he   
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ヘイ   closed   しまる to be closed   しめる to close   とじる to close, to finish   とざす to shut, to lock   
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カイ   あ to (be) open   あける    ひら to open (something)   ひらける to open out (eg view)   
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