Kanshudo Component Builder
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By default the Component Builder shows the most common Joyo kanji components (ie, components which are themselves Joyo kanji, or which are used in at least 3 other Joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.



For details of all components and their English names, see the Component collections.
Kanshudo Component Builder Help
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For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of. Once you have identified any component, search for it in any of three ways:
  1. Draw it in the drawing area
  2. Type the name in the text area
  3. Look for it in the list
Example: look up 漢
  • Notice that 漢 is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫
  • Draw any of these components (one at a time) in the drawing area, and select it when you see it
  • Alternatively, look for a component in the list. 氵 艹 口 each have three strokes; 夫 has four strokes
  • If you know the meanings of the components, type any of them in the text area: water (氵), grass (艹), mouth (口) or husband (夫)
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.
Kanshudo Component Builder Drawing Help
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The Kanshudo Component Builder can recognize any of the 416 components listed in the chart below the drawing area. Tips:
  • Draw a component in the center of the area, as large as you can
  • Try to draw the component as it appears in the kanji you're looking up
  • Don't worry about stroke order or number of strokes
  • Don't draw more than one component at a time
Not finding your component?
If you believe you've drawn your component correctly but the system is not recognizing it, please:
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Components

Grammar detail: Japanese terms for parts of speech

Japanese terms for parts of speech
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The following is a list of Japanese terms for key parts of speech, as well as standard terms for the intent / purpose of a term or grammatical form.
めいし
名詞
noun
こゆうめし
固有名詞
proper noun
けいしきめいし
形式名詞
nominalizer
A nominalizer is a word added to a verb or adjective that turns it into a noun phrase, a very common pattern in Japanese, which contains several nominalizers including の, もの, こと etc. See 形式名詞(けいしきめいし).
どうし
動詞
verb
じょどうし
助動詞
auxiliary verb
ふくごうどうし
複合動詞
compound verb
けいようし
形容詞
adjective; い adjective
けいようどうし
形容動詞
な adjective
The origin of the term 形容動詞, which literally means 'verb adjective', is interesting. Originally, な adjectives emerged through the use of なる (become) to a noun (1) - for example
いだい
偉大
なる
かわ
. So they were literally 'adjectives formed through addition of a verb'. Over time, 'なる' became just 'な’.
れんたいし
連体詞
other (not い or な) adjective
ぜんちし
前置詞
preposition
じしょけい
辞書形
dictionary form
The form that appears in a dictionary. For a verb, this is the plain form of the present tense. For a noun or adjective, it is the uninflected form.
ふつうけい
普通形
plain form(s) of a word
The plain forms are the 'casual' or 'short' forms. For example, for the verb
べる (eat), 食べる, 食べた, 食べている etc. are all plain forms.
ていねいけい
丁寧形
polite form(s) of a word
ふていし
不定詞
infinitive form (dictionary form)
かつようけい
活用形
conjugated form of a word
しゅうしけい
終止形
predicative form
めいれいけい
命令形
imperative form
しえきけい
使役形
causative form
よだんかつよう
四段活用
classical Japanese verb form
じょうけんけい
条件形
conditional form
じょすうし
助数詞
counter
たいひ
対比
comparison
ひてい
否定
negative
きょうちょう
強調
emphasis
かんりゃくか
簡略化
simplification (of a kanji etc.)
ひっしゃ
筆者
cursive (form of a kanji)
かくにん
確認
confirmation
せつめい
説明
explanation
でんぶん
伝聞
hearsay
もくてき
目的
purpose
ふかひ
不可避
inevitability
けいご
敬語
respectful (polite) speech
ふくじょし
副助詞
adverbial particle
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Kanji used in this grammar

メイ   ミョウ   な name   
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シ    part of speech, words, poetry   
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コ   かた hard   かたまる to harden   かためる to make hard   
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ユウ   ウ   あ to possess; to exist   
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ケイ   ギョウ   shape   かたち    かた    
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シキ    ceremony, method, style   
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ドウ   うご to move, to stir   うごかす to shift, to move   
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ジョ   すけ help   たすける to help, save   たすかる to be helped   
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フク    double, multiple   
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ゴウ   ガッ   カッ   あ to fit, come together   あわす to match   あわせる to unite, join   
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ヨウ    contents   
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イ   えら illustrious, famous   
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ダイ   タイ   おおきい big   おおいに very much   おお-    
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セン   かわ river   
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レン   つれる to take, to lead   つらねる to line up   つらなる to extend   
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タイ   テイ   からだ body   
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ゼン   まえ before   
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チ   お to put   
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ジ   やめる quit   
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ショ   か to write   
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フ    universal, generally   
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ツ   ツウ   とお to pass through   とお to let pass   かよ to commute   
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ショク   ジキ    food   たべる to eat   く to eat   
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チョウ   テイ    a (city) block; counter for long/narrow things, blocks of tofu   
ネイ    preferable, rather; peaceful, quiet   
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フ   ブ    not   
テイ   ジョウ   determined   さだ decidedly, truly   さだめる to decide, determine   さだまる to be determined   
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カツ    activity, resuscitation   
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ヨウ   もちいる to use   
シュウ   end   おわる to come to an end   おえる to bring to an end   
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シ   とめる to stop   とまる to stop   
メイ   ミョウ    fate, life   いのち life   
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レイ    order   
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使
シ   つか to use   
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ヤク   エキ    office, role; service   
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シ   four   よ    よ    よっ    よん    
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ダン    grade, step, stairs   
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ジョウ    twig   
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ケン    affair, matter   
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スウ   ス   かず number   かぞえる to count   
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タイ   ツイ    vis-a-vis   
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ヒ   くらべる to compare   
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ヒ   いな no   
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キョウ   ゴウ   つよ strong   つよまる to get stronger   つよめる to strengthen   しいる to compel, to force   
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調
チョウ   しらべる to investigate   ととの to be arranged, to be in order   ととのえる to adjust, tune   
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カン    simplicity   
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リャク    abbreviation   
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カ   ケ   ばける to change   
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ヒツ   ふで writing brush   
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シャ   もの person, someone   
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カク   たし certain   たしかめる to make certain   
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ニン   みとめる to recognize, to perceive, to approve of   
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セツ   ゼイ   と to explain, persuade   
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メイ   ミョウ   あかり light   あかるい bright   あかるむ to brighten   あからむ to become luminous (at dawn)   あきらか obvious   あかす to lay bare   あ to open   あける to empty   
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デン   つたえる to tell, transmit   つたわる to be handed down   つた to go along   
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ブン   モン   き to listen, to hear   きこえる to be heard   
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ボク   モク   eye   ま-    め    
テキ   まと target   
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カ    good, possible, approval   
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ヒ   さける to avoid   
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ケイ   うやま to respect, revere   
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ゴ   かた to talk, relate   かたらう to talk together, chat   
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フク    assistant   
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