Kanshudo Component Builder
×
Draw a component:
Type a component or its name:
 
Choose from a list:
Change component list
×
By default the Component Builder shows the most common Joyo kanji components (ie, components which are themselves Joyo kanji, or which are used in at least 3 other Joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.



For details of all components and their English names, see the Component collections.
Kanshudo Component Builder Help
×
For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of. Once you have identified any component, search for it in any of three ways:
  1. Draw it in the drawing area
  2. Type the name in the text area
  3. Look for it in the list
Example: look up 漢
  • Notice that 漢 is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫
  • Draw any of these components (one at a time) in the drawing area, and select it when you see it
  • Alternatively, look for a component in the list. 氵 艹 口 each have three strokes; 夫 has four strokes
  • If you know the meanings of the components, type any of them in the text area: water (氵), grass (艹), mouth (口) or husband (夫)
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.
Kanshudo Component Builder Drawing Help
×
The Kanshudo Component Builder can recognize any of the 416 components listed in the chart below the drawing area. Tips:
  • Draw a component in the center of the area, as large as you can
  • Try to draw the component as it appears in the kanji you're looking up
  • Don't worry about stroke order or number of strokes
  • Don't draw more than one component at a time
Not finding your component?
If you believe you've drawn your component correctly but the system is not recognizing it, please:
Let us know!
Components

Grammar detail: verb passive form

2
4
JLPT:
verb passive form - is done
Tweet
My current mastery of this grammar:
LOG IN to view grammar mastery data
The passive form a verb indicates that 'something was done (by somebody)'. So for example, in English, 'I eat a meal' is active, whereas 'the meal was eaten by me' is passive.
In Japanese, the passive form is formed as follows:
  • For ichidan (る) verbs, replace the る with られる. For example:
    たべる eat ➜ たべられる is eaten
  • For godan (う) verbs, replace the vowel in the last sound with the equivalent sound containing あ, then add れる. For example:
    よむ read ➜ よまれる is read
    ,
    はなす speak ➜ はなされる is spoken
  • There are a handful of irregular forms. For example:
    する do ➜ される is done
    ,
    くる come ➜ こられる (see note on politeness below)
The passive form acts as a standard ichidan (る) verb. See our verb conjugation overview for more information.
Note that for ichidan verbs, the passive and the potential forms are identical:
  • たべる eat ➜ たべられる can mean either 'is eaten' or 'can eat' depending on context
For godan verbs ending in る, there is a slight difference:
  • みる see ➜ みられる is seen (passive), but みれる can see (potential)
Note that in Japanese, the passive form is often used to increase the level of politeness, and in some cases, English does not have an equivalent passive form. One example is くる - there is no direct passive form in English, but the Japanese passive form こられる indicates a higher degree of politeness. For example:
かぞく
家族
いっしょ
れてこられた
です
Did you bring your family with you?
する (to do) is another verb for which the passive form is often used to increase politeness. する (plain form) ➜ します (ます form) ➜ されます (passive form, politer than ます form) ➜ なさいます (honorific form, politer still).
In Japanese the passive form is known as
うけみけい
受身形
.
LOG IN to view flashcard data

Kanji used in this grammar

ジュ   うける to receive, to accept   うかる to pass (an exam)    
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
シン   み body, person   
2
ケイ   ギョウ   shape   かたち    かた    
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
カ   ケ   house   いえ    や    
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
2
ゾク    tribe   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
2
レン   つれる to take, to lead   つらねる to line up   つらなる to extend   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
Problem with this grammar? Question or comment? Please CONTACT US.
×