Kanshudo Component Builder
Draw a component:
Type a component or its name:
Choose from a list:
Change component list
By default the Component Builder shows the most common Joyo kanji components (ie, components which are themselves Joyo kanji, or which are used in at least 3 other Joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.

For details of all components and their English names, see the Component collections.
Kanshudo Component Builder Help
For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of. Once you have identified any component, search for it in any of three ways:
  1. Draw it in the drawing area
  2. Type the name in the text area
  3. Look for it in the list
Example: look up 漢
  • Notice that 漢 is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫
  • Draw any of these components (one at a time) in the drawing area, and select it when you see it
  • Alternatively, look for a component in the list. 氵 艹 口 each have three strokes; 夫 has four strokes
  • If you know the meanings of the components, type any of them in the text area: water (氵), grass (艹), mouth (口) or husband (夫)
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.
Kanshudo Component Builder Drawing Help
The Kanshudo Component Builder can recognize any of the 416 components listed in the chart below the drawing area. Tips:
  • Draw a component in the center of the area, as large as you can
  • Try to draw the component as it appears in the kanji you're looking up
  • Don't worry about stroke order or number of strokes
  • Don't draw more than one component at a time
Not finding your component?
If you believe you've drawn your component correctly but the system is not recognizing it, please:
Let us know!

Grammar detail: personal pronouns

personal pronouns
355 words
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Japanese contains a large number of personal pronouns - ie, words that substitute for the name of a person. However, in many cases, if it can be understood from the context, pronouns are simply omitted. (This often makes individual sentences taken out of context ambiguous.) Choice of pronouns is dependent on several factors, primarily the level of politeness of the speech, the age and sex of the speaker, and the social status of the speaker relative to the listener.

1st person singular pronouns (English 'I')

わたくし• most polite
• used by men and women
• used in official conversations, and in speech with social equals or superiors
わたし• widely used by older men and women, and younger women
• increasingly uncommon in younger male speech
ぼく• only used by males
• increasingly common as standard form
おれ• only used by males
• used with social inferiors or in very casual speech with equals
わし• old-fashioned male term
あたし• old-fashioned female term
あたくし• old-fashioned female term
じぶん• military or official term

1st person plural pronouns (English 'we')

わたしたち• general purpose polite term
われわれ• most formal polite term
われら• informal term
• somewhat old-fashioned

2nd person pronouns (English 'you')

あなた• mostly used by females
• increasingly common as standard form (original considered polite)
きみ• only used by males
• used with equals but not family
あんた• mostly used by females
• used with equals but not family
• when used by males, considered very casual to rude
おまえ• used by men and women
• considered quite rude or 'superior'
きさま• only used by males
• considered rude
あなたさま• old-fashioned term
• considered polite
おまえさん• old-fashioned term
• used with social inferiors

3rd person pronouns (English 'he', 'she', 'it', 'they')

あのかた• he / she
• most formal
あのひと• he / she
• most widely used term to refer to either sex
かれ• he
• most widely used term to refer to males
• means boyfriend when used by a female
かのじょ• she
• most widely used term to refer to females
• means girlfriend when used by a male
あのとと, かれ and かのじょ can all be pluralized to 'they' by the addition of たち.
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