Kanshudo Component Builder
×
Draw a component:
Type a component or its name:
 
Choose from a list:
Change component list
×
By default the Component Builder shows the most common Joyo kanji components (ie, components which are themselves Joyo kanji, or which are used in at least 3 other Joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.



For details of all components and their English names, see the Component collections.
Kanshudo Component Builder Help
×
For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of. Once you have identified any component, search for it in any of three ways:
  1. Draw it in the drawing area
  2. Type the name in the text area
  3. Look for it in the list
Example: look up 漢
  • Notice that 漢 is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫
  • Draw any of these components (one at a time) in the drawing area, and select it when you see it
  • Alternatively, look for a component in the list. 氵 艹 口 each have three strokes; 夫 has four strokes
  • If you know the meanings of the components, type any of them in the text area: water (氵), grass (艹), mouth (口) or husband (夫)
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.
Kanshudo Component Builder Drawing Help
×
The Kanshudo Component Builder can recognize any of the 416 components listed in the chart below the drawing area. Tips:
  • Draw a component in the center of the area, as large as you can
  • Try to draw the component as it appears in the kanji you're looking up
  • Don't worry about stroke order or number of strokes
  • Don't draw more than one component at a time
Not finding your component?
If you believe you've drawn your component correctly but the system is not recognizing it, please:
Let us know!
Components

Grammar detail: being more polite than ください

5
1
JLPT:
being more polite than ください
Tweet
My current mastery of this grammar:
LOG IN to view grammar mastery data
The typical form
〜てください
used to ask someone to do something is 'casually polite'. ください is roughly equivalent to the English 'please', so by including it, any sentence is not unpolite. However, it is not especially polite - ください is closer to a demand than an optional request. An English sentence with an equivalent 'tone' may or may not include 'please'.
The word ください can be made more polite in several ways. One option is to replace てください with
てくださいませんか
. This is a direct substitute, which would be too polite for family, colleagues etc, but would be appropriate when addressing eg a teacher or someone senior.
Another alternative would be to use the construction
ていただけませんか
. This may not be a direct substitute depending on the sentence, as the (implied) subject of the sentence is the speaker (where for ください the implied subject is the listener).
Yet another alternative, politest of the options here, would be to use the construction
〜ようお
もう
げます
(literally,
I humbly entreat you to ~
).
However, in addition to changing the form of 'please', to make the sentence consistent, it would also be necessary to improve the politeness level of what is being asked for. For example, the following are all variations of 'please don't use it':
  • つか
    わないでさい
    (casually polite)
  • つか
    いにならないでください
    (the honorific verb phrase makes this polite in informal situations)
  • しよう
    にならないでください
    (use of the term 使する is more formal than 使う)
  • しよう
    にならないようお
    ねが
    もう
    げます
LOG IN to view flashcard data
See also:
  • verb て form + ください - please (do, go, open, etc)
  • verb て form + いただけませんか - will you please do
  • くださる、くださいます、くださいません

Kanji used in this grammar

ガン   ねが to request, to petition   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
シン   もう to say   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
ジョウ   ショウ   うえ above   うわ- above   あげる to raise   あがる to rise   かみ first half, upper part   のぼ to climb   のぼせる to bring up, to raise   のぼ to bring up   
1
使
シ   つか to use   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
2
カ   ゲ   した below, under   しも bottom part   もと under (influence)   さげる to lower, to reduce   さがる to be lowered   くだ to descend   くだ to judge   くださる to give   おろす to drop off (passenger)   おりる to get off (train)   
1
ヨウ   もちいる to use   
2
Problem with this grammar? Question or comment? Please CONTACT US.
×