Kanshudo Component Builder
Draw a component:
Type a component or its name:
Choose from a list:
Change component list
By default the Component Builder shows the most common Joyo kanji components (ie, components which are themselves Joyo kanji, or which are used in at least 3 other Joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.

For details of all components and their English names, see the Component collections.
Kanshudo Component Builder Help
For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of. Once you have identified any component, search for it in any of three ways:
  1. Draw it in the drawing area
  2. Type the name in the text area
  3. Look for it in the list
Example: look up 漢
  • Notice that 漢 is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫
  • Draw any of these components (one at a time) in the drawing area, and select it when you see it
  • Alternatively, look for a component in the list. 氵 艹 口 each have three strokes; 夫 has four strokes
  • If you know the meanings of the components, type any of them in the text area: water (氵), grass (艹), mouth (口) or husband (夫)
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.
Kanshudo Component Builder Drawing Help
The Kanshudo Component Builder can recognize any of the 416 components listed in the chart below the drawing area. Tips:
  • Draw a component in the center of the area, as large as you can
  • Try to draw the component as it appears in the kanji you're looking up
  • Don't worry about stroke order or number of strokes
  • Don't draw more than one component at a time
Not finding your component?
If you believe you've drawn your component correctly but the system is not recognizing it, please:
Let us know!

Grammar detail: prepositions in Japanese

prepositions in Japanese
259 words
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In English, prepositions are words that are used before a noun phrase and serve to give the noun phrase a relationship with the remainder of the containing clause. For example, in the sentence "I went into the house", into is a preposition.
Japanese functions somewhat differently. The most important difference is that Japanese words which serve the same function as the English preposition often follow the noun phrase they modify. (In English, this is called a postposition; the term for both prepositions and postpositions is adposition.)
The second most important difference is that the role of the preposition is often split between multiple words, one or more of which is a standard Japanese particle.
The most common prepositions in English are above, across, against, along, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, by, down, from, in, into, near, of, off, on, to, toward, under, upon, with and within. Here are a few examples of their Japanese equivalents.
When describing something that is physically above something else, the noun
is used. Since it is a noun, it is linked to other nouns using the particle の. Since the resulting item describes a location, the particle に as a location marker may be required.

We saw clouds above the mountain.
When describing something that is figuratively above something else, the noun
is used. 以上 does not customarily require の to link it to other nouns (although it can be used), and since the result is not a physical location, に is not required. Essentially 以上 functions as a suffix.
Do not live above your income.
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Kanji used in this grammar

ジョウ   ショウ   うえ above   うわ- above   あげる to raise   あがる to rise   かみ first half, upper part   のぼ to climb   のぼせる to bring up, to raise   のぼ to bring up   
イ    (prefix) or   
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