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Grammar detail: Transitive and intransitive verbs

Transitive and intransitive verbs
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Transitive verbs or
たどうし
他動詞
are verbs in which somebody performs an action. They require a subject (the person who performs the action) and an object (the thing on which the action was performed).
Intransitive verbs or
じどうし
自動詞
are verbs in which an action happens, without necessarily having somebody or something that performs it.
Many verbs in Japanese have a transitive form and an intransitive form. For example:
  • バスが
    まりました the bus stopped
  • 私はバスを
    めました I stopped the bus
The first example uses the intransitive form
まる, to (come to a) stop. The second uses the transitive form
める, to (make) stop.
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Kanji used in this grammar

タ   ほか other   
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ドウ   うご to move, to stir   うごかす to shift, to move   
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シ    part of speech, words, poetry   
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ジ   シ   みずか self   
シ   とめる to stop   とまる to stop   
シ   わたくし    わたし I, myself   
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