Components

初 means 'first'

Animation / stroke order not available.
LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
Strokes : 7    Frequency: 206   JLPT: N3    Usefulness: 3    Challenge set: 2    Grade: 4   Intermediate lesson: 18    Beginner lesson: -   Begins 214 words   Used in 273 words   Used in 485 names   Not used as a component
Jōyō (常用)
On
   ショ
Kun
   はつ   うい-   はじ beginning   -ぞ first doing of
Kun    はじめて   -そめる
Name    し   はっ
⿰   () clothes   sword  
Explore these components visually on The Kanji Map ⇗
 begin  
LOG IN to view kanji mastery data
LOG IN to view your flashcards
In the most useful 10,000 words in Japanese, 初 is used 20 times, read 4 ways.
Across all words in Japanese, 初 is used 262 times, read 6 ways (with 1 variation).
ショ : 133 words FIND ALL
'no' adjective, adverbial noun (fukushitekimeishi), noun (temporal) (jisoumeishi)
beginning; outset; first; onset
4
1
TEST
はつ : 84 words FIND ALL
'no' adjective, noun (prefix), noun
first; new
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading)
1
4
TEST
はじ : 16 words FIND ALL
noun (temporal) (jisoumeishi), adverbial noun (fukushitekimeishi)
1. beginning; start; outset; opening
noun
2. first (in line, etc.)  (esp. 初め)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 2 forms)
5
1
TEST
-ぞ (read as ぞ) : 11 words FIND ALL
noun
first calligraphy of the year
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms)
7
TEST
-そめる (read as そ) : 9 words FIND ALL
auxiliary verb, ichidan verb
to begin to
7
TEST
うい- (read as うい) : 8 words FIND ALL
noun
first campaign; one's first battle
5
TEST
し: 1 word. FIND ALL
noun
primitive element (of a finite field)  (see also: 有限体; mathematics)
TEST
Henshall: 535 (originally: 507)  Joy o' Kanji : 507  Key to Kanji: 512 

Cascading kanji view

ショ   はつ    うい-    はじ beginning   -ぞ first doing of   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
イ   ころも    きぬ clothes   
トウ   かたな sword   
5
Problem with this kanji? Question or comment? Please CONTACT US.
Search results include information from a variety of sources, including Kanshudo (kanji mnemonics, kanji readings, kanji components, vocab and name frequency data, grammar points), JMdict (vocabulary), Tatoeba (examples), Enamdict (names), KanjiVG (kanji animations and stroke order), and Joy o' Kanji (kanji and radical synopses). Translations provided by Google's Neural Machine Translation engine. For more information see credits.
×
Change component list
By default the component builder shows the most common components (themselves joyo kanji, or used in at least 3 other joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.



Full details of all components and their English names can be found here.
Help with the component builder
For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of.
For any components you recognize, if you know the English meaning or name, start typing it in the text area. Full details of all components and their English names can be found here.
Alternatively, count the strokes of the component, and scan the list to find it visually.
Example
To find the kanji :
  • Notice that it is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫.
  • 氵 艹 口 all have three strokes, so you could look in the list in the 3 stroke section. 夫 has four strokes.
  • Alternatively, you could start typing 'water' (氵), 'grass' (艹), 'mouth' (口) or 'husband' (夫) in the search area, and the components will be highlighted in yellow.
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.