Kanshudo Component Builder
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By default the Component Builder shows the most common Joyo kanji components (ie, components which are themselves Joyo kanji, or which are used in at least 3 other Joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.

For details of all components and their English names, see the Component collections.
Kanshudo Component Builder Help
For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of. Once you have identified any component, search for it in any of three ways:
  1. Draw it in the drawing area
  2. Type the name in the text area
  3. Look for it in the list
Example: look up 漢
  • Notice that 漢 is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫
  • Draw any of these components (one at a time) in the drawing area, and select it when you see it
  • Alternatively, look for a component in the list. 氵 艹 口 each have three strokes; 夫 has four strokes
  • If you know the meanings of the components, type any of them in the text area: water (氵), grass (艹), mouth (口) or husband (夫)
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.
Kanshudo Component Builder Drawing Help
The Kanshudo Component Builder can recognize any of the 416 components listed in the chart below the drawing area. Tips:
  • Draw a component in the center of the area, as large as you can
  • Try to draw the component as it appears in the kanji you're looking up
  • Don't worry about stroke order or number of strokes
  • Don't draw more than one component at a time
Not finding your component?
If you believe you've drawn your component correctly but the system is not recognizing it, please:
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縁 means 'affinity' or 'edge'

Animation / stroke order not available.
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Strokes : 15    Frequency: 870   JLPT: N1    Usefulness: 5    Study set: 5-7    Grade: 8   Intermediate lesson: -    Beginner lesson: -   Begins 67 words   Used in 195 words   Used in 81 names   Not used as a component
Jōyō (常用)
   ふち edge, hem, brim
Kun    ゆかり   よすが   へり   えにし   -ネン   ふちど
The right side is descended from (pig with snout), and the idea is that the 'rougher' part of the thread is the edge.
The modern form of the right side combining ヨ and does not exist as a kanji.
The common meaning 'affinity' is an extended meaning ('edge of a relationship').
⿰   thread  ⿱   () yo = to yell / say hi   pig  
Explore these components visually on The Kanji Map ⇗
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In the most useful 10,000 words in Japanese, 縁 is used 3 times, read 2 ways.
Across all words in Japanese, 縁 is used 179 times, read 7 ways (with 2 variations).
Note: kanji quick view shows the most useful word for each reading which is also the most common variant, and in the 10,000 most useful words in Japanese. Words shown here draw from all words in Japanese and include less common forms.
エン : 150 words FIND ALL
1. omen; sign of luck
2. origin; causation  (see also: 因果関係)
(click the word for examples and links)
ふち : 5 words FIND ALL
rim; brim; edge; brink
(click the word for examples and links)
へり : 4 words FIND ALL
deckle-edged (e.g. paper)  (see also: 耳付き)
(click the word for examples and links)
ゆかり : 2 words FIND ALL
noun, noun (suffix), 'no' adjective
related to (some person or place); affinity; connection  (often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
よすが : 1 word FIND ALL
1 0
1. something to rely on; aid; clue; way; means
2. someone to rely on; relative
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, 1 meaning and 2 forms, examples and links)
ふち (read as ぶち) : 9 words FIND ALL
frame (e.g. picture frame, decorative door frame, etc.)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
-ネン (read as ねん) : 5 words FIND ALL
1. fate; destiny
2. connection; tie; bond; origin
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 2 meanings, examples and links)
ふち (read as ぷち) : 2 words FIND ALL
riverside; riverbank
(click the word to view an additional 1 form, examples and links)
ふちど : 1 word FIND ALL
'ru' godan verb, transitive verb
to (add a) border or fringe
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
Henshall: 1030  Joy o' Kanji : 1030  Key to Kanji:

Cascading kanji view

エン   affinity; edge   ふち edge, hem, brim   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
yo = to yell / say hi
シ   いと thread   
Problem with this kanji? Question or comment? Please CONTACT US.
Search results include information from a variety of sources, including Kanshudo (kanji mnemonics, kanji readings, kanji components, vocab and name frequency data, grammar points), JMdict (vocabulary), Tatoeba (examples), Enamdict (names), KanjiVG (kanji animations and stroke order), and Joy o' Kanji (kanji and radical synopses). Translations provided by Google's Neural Machine Translation engine. For more information see credits.