Kanshudo Component Builder
×
Draw a component:
Type a component or its name:
 
Choose from a list:
Change component list
×
By default the Component Builder shows the most common Joyo kanji components (ie, components which are themselves Joyo kanji, or which are used in at least 3 other Joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.



For details of all components and their English names, see the Component collections.
Kanshudo Component Builder Help
×
For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of. Once you have identified any component, search for it in any of three ways:
  1. Draw it in the drawing area
  2. Type the name in the text area
  3. Look for it in the list
Example: look up 漢
  • Notice that 漢 is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫
  • Draw any of these components (one at a time) in the drawing area, and select it when you see it
  • Alternatively, look for a component in the list. 氵 艹 口 each have three strokes; 夫 has four strokes
  • If you know the meanings of the components, type any of them in the text area: water (氵), grass (艹), mouth (口) or husband (夫)
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.
Kanshudo Component Builder Drawing Help
×
The Kanshudo Component Builder can recognize any of the 416 components listed in the chart below the drawing area. Tips:
  • Draw a component in the center of the area, as large as you can
  • Try to draw the component as it appears in the kanji you're looking up
  • Don't worry about stroke order or number of strokes
  • Don't draw more than one component at a time
Not finding your component?
If you believe you've drawn your component correctly but the system is not recognizing it, please:
Let us know!
Components

Point of interest: バレンタインデー

POI
バレンタインデー - Valentine's Day in Japan
Tweet
361 words
Valentine's Day (バレンタインデー), celebrated on February 14th, is fast becoming one of the world's most popular unofficial annual holidays. Named for Saint Valentine, who according to legend would perform marriage ceremonies for persecuted Christians in ancient Rome, the day began to be associated with courtly romance in the time of Chaucer.
Around the world, ways of celebrating Valentine's Day vary, and Japan's is especially unusual, in that the custom is for females to give chocolates to male co-workers! The chocolate tradition arises from the fact that Valentine's Day was first introduced to Japan by a chocolate company, but the origin of the idea of females being responsible for the gifts is not clear - one theory is that it was due to a translation error in early chocolate marketing campaigns!
Today, the chocolate given is given the name
ぎり
義理
チョコ, which literally means 'obligation chocolate', but might more helpfully translated as 'obligatory-gift chocolate'. 義理 is a very central concept in Japanese culture, and refers to the idea of duty or obligation (to one's superiors, peers or society). 義理 contrasts with
にんじょう
人情
or 'human emotion', and the dichotomy between the two is a very common theme in traditional Japanese drama. A common social theme in modern Japan is that the
しんじんるい
新人類
, the 'new generation', is much more individualistic, and less concerned with obligation to society.
Of course, in some cases the chocolate being given might be accompanied by a real sense of romance, in which case it is known as
ほんめい
本命
チョコ ('true feeling chocolate'). Friends may also exchange
とも
チョコ, 'friend chocolate'.
To even up the score, uniquely in Japan, Valentine's Day is followed exactly one month later by White Day (ホワイトデー), when males who received chocolate should return the favor, this time typically in the form of gifts. The generally-accepted rule is
さんばいがえいし
三倍返し
, 'three times return' - the gifts returned should be worth three times as much as the gifts received!
Japan also has an entirely separate holiday for romance -
たなばた
七夕
, the Tanabata Festival, which more closely mirrors the Western concept of Valentine's Day.
To practice your Valentine's Day vocabulary, read Kanshudo's short story,
ぎり
義理
チョコ?
, in the Reading Corner.

Words used in this point of interest

5
noun
Valentine's Day
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
TEST
2
1. duty; sense of duty; honor; honour; decency; courtesy; debt of gratitude; social obligation
2. in-law; relation by marriage
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
1
noun
choco(late)
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
noun
obligatory-gift chocolate, courtesy chocolate, obligation chocolate
(click the word to view an additional 1 form, examples and links)
TEST
1
noun
1. humanity; empathy; kindness; sympathy
2. human nature; common sense; customs and manners
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
3
noun
new breed of humans (used to refer to the younger generation, who have different ideals and sensibilities)
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
0 1
noun
1. favorite; favourite; sure thing; likely winner; certainty
2. one's heart's desire
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
4
noun
White Day (March 14th)
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
TEST
three times return; return of 3x
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
0
noun
Festival of the Weaver (July 7th); Star Festival (one of the five annual festivals)  (see also: 五節句)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 4 forms, examples and links)
TEST

Kanji used in this point of interest

ギ    honour   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
リ    logic   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ジン   ニン   ひと person   
ジョウ   セイ   なさ emotion; circumstances   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
シン   あたらしい    あら    にい- new   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ルイ   たぐ kind, type   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ホン   book   もと origin   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
メイ   ミョウ    fate, life   いのち life   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ユウ   とも friend   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
サン   み    みっ three   
バイ    double, times   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ヘン   かえ to return, to come back   かえ to return (something)   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
シチ   なな    なな    なの seven   
セキ   ゆう night   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
Problem with this point of interest? Question or comment? Please CONTACT US.
×