Components

Point of interest: 雛祭り(ひなまつり)

雛祭り(ひなまつり) - Japan's annual doll festival and girl's day
Tweet
ひなまつ
り, more commonly encountered in the form ひな
まつ
り, literally means 'doll festival', and is celebrated on the 3rd March every year. ひな祭り is a traditional family day in Japan, and commonly known as 'Girl's day' due to the custom of creating elaborate displays of
ひな
にんぎょう
, hina dolls, on multi-tiered platforms known as
ひなだん
.
The origins of the 雛人形 date back thousands of years to a custom that originally began in China as a means of ridding oneself of bad luck and evil spirits. A paper or straw ひな is rubbed over one's body, transferring the evil to it, and then put on a boat and floated out to sea. One of the largest celebrations of this custom, known as
ながしひな
, 'floating dolls', used to be put on by the Shimogamo Shrine in Kyoto at the junction of the two main rivers, the Takano and Kamo, but is now held out at sea due to problems with the dolls getting caught in fishing nets.
Hinamatsuri cff3b2492a9ea3ee5384893c69840a80bfc012b4eae9c972f26ab7187e38158a
The 雛壇 are multi-tiered platforms covered in brightly colored red carpet. In a typical household dolls are placed on up to seven levels, but in some elaborate examples they can cover hundreds of steps of a temple staircase! Dolls on each level represent different court members from the
へいあん
じだい
, the Heian Era, starting with the Emperor, Empress, and then various attendants and musicians. All the dolls wear traditional court dress of the Heian Era - elaborate multi-layered kimono called
じゅうにひとえ
for women, and
そくたい
for males.
The Heian Era (literally 'peace era') of Japanese history, which began in 794 and lasted almost 200 years, is considered the peak of the Japanese imperial court and was a period in which poetry and literature flourished. The capital of Japan was moved to
へいあんきょう
, which became modern day
きょうと
, Kyoto, and remained there for almost 1000 years, until the
めいじ
いしん
, the Meiji restoration, in 1868, which was the beginning of modern Japan.
ひな
is a Jinmeiyō kanji, i.e. it is used in names (such as the girl's name ひな) - in total it appears in over 100 Japanese names. It has a frequency of 2357, which makes it less common than (most of) the 2136 Jōyō kanji, but more common than most of the kanji used only in names. It actually means 'chick' (as in, baby bird), and is composed of the two components 隹 and 芻. 隹 is a very common component meaning 'little bird' - it is used as
/searchcg?q=隹
. 芻 is a much less common component meaning 'mow (grass etc.)'. 芻 makes more sense when you see it is composed of two more basic elements, both very common - 勹 meaning 'wrap' and 屮 meaning 'sprout'. Putting these components together, we have the Kanshudo mnemonic for 雛: 'you mow the grass (芻) for the little bird (隹) as it's just a chick'.
雛祭り is also a great opportunity to sample some colorful and tasty traditional Japanese dishes, in particular ちらし
ずし
, chirashizushi (a mix of vegetables, egg and seafood scattered on top of sushi rice),
わがし
Japanese cakes and desserts, in particular the three-colored
ひしもち
, hishimochi.

Words used in this point of interest

noun
1. young bird; chick  (often written with kana only)
2. hina doll; doll displayed during the Girls' Festival
this meaning is restricted to reading ひな
(click the word to view an additional 2 readings, 1 meaning and 4 forms)
1
5
TEST
noun
Hinamatsuri (March 3rd); Girls' Festival; Dolls' Festival  (see also: 三月の節句)
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms)
9
TEST
noun
hina doll; doll displayed during the Girls' Festival
TEST
noun
doll; puppet; figure
4
2
TEST
noun
paper dolls floated downriver on March 3rd
TEST
noun
1. tiered doll stand (for hina dolls)  (see also: 雛人形)
2. tiered platform; tiered gallery
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms)
TEST
noun
Heian period (794-1185)
TEST
noun
1. twelve-layered ceremonial kimono (worn by a court lady)
2. ajuga (Ajuga nipponensis); bugle
TEST
noun
old ceremonial court dress
TEST
TEST
noun
Kyoto
4
TEST
noun
Meiji Restoration
9
TEST
noun
sushi rice in a box or bowl with a variety of ingredients sprinkled on top  (see also: ばら寿司, 五目鮨; food term)
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms)
TEST
noun
wagashi; traditional Japanese confectionery
6
TEST
noun
rhombus-shaped mochi
TEST

Kanji used in this point of interest

ひな chick, young bird   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
サイ   まつ festival   まつ to deify, enshrine   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ジン   ニン   ひと man   
ケイ   ギョウ   shape   かたち    かた    
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ダン   タン    podium   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ル   リュウ   ながれる to flow   なが to pour out, to flush    
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ヘイ   ビョウ   たい flat   ひら ordinary   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
アン   やす peaceful; cheap   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ジ   とき time, occasion   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
タイ   ダイ   かえる to replace, to exchange   かわる to be exchanged   よ the world   しろ substitute   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ジュウ   ジッ   ten   と    とお    
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ニ   ふた    ふた two   
タン    simple   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ソク   たば bundle   たばねる to tie in a bundle   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
タイ   おび belt   おびる to wear, to carry   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
キョウ   ケイ    capital   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ト   ツ   みやこ capital city, metropolis   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
メイ   ミョウ   あかるい bright   あきらか obvious   あかす to lay bare   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ジ   チ   おさめる to govern   なお to get better   なお to cure   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
イ    fiber, rope   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
シン   あたらしい    あら new   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
little bird
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
スウ    to mow, to cut grass   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
wrap
sprout (ie, new shoot of a plant)   
寿
ジュ   ス   ことぶき longevity   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
シ   つかさど to administer, conduct   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ワ   オ    peace, harmony   なご to be calmed down   なごやか calm, gentle   やわらぐ to be softened   やわらげる to soften; to alleviate   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
カ    candy   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
シ   ス   こ child   
リョウ   diamond   ひし    
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
もち mochi   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
Problem with this point of interest? Question or comment? Please CONTACT US.
×
Change component list
By default the component builder shows the most common components (themselves joyo kanji, or used in at least 3 other joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.



Full details of all components and their English names can be found here.
Help with the component builder
For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of.
For any components you recognize, if you know the English meaning or name, start typing it in the text area. Full details of all components and their English names can be found here.
Alternatively, count the strokes of the component, and scan the list to find it visually.
Example
To find the kanji :
  • Notice that it is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫.
  • 氵 艹 口 all have three strokes, so you could look in the list in the 3 stroke section. 夫 has four strokes.
  • Alternatively, you could start typing 'water' (氵), 'grass' (艹), 'mouth' (口) or 'husband' (夫) in the search area, and the components will be highlighted in yellow.
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.