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Grammar detail: 〜がる

〜がる - (someone else) feels (something)
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For an adjective that describes an emotion, the addition of がる allows you to say that another person is feeling (or acting as if they are feeling) that emotion.
For い adjectives, the い is replaced with がる. For example:
  • ずかしい I feel embarrassed ➜
    ずかしがる he/she feels/acts embarrassed
  • こわ
    い I feel scared ➜
    こわ
    がる he/she feels scared
In the case of
しい (want something) and 〜たい (want to do something), がる allows you to say what you think another person wants.
かのじょ
彼女
いせい
異性
まえ
ひじょう
非常
ずかしがる

She feels very shy in the presence of the opposite sex.
とし
につれて
さむ
がる
ものです
They'll be more sensitive to the cold as they grow older.
For な adjectives, the がる is added directly after the adjective (with no な).
わたし
はや
ので
かれ
ざんねん
残念
がった

My leaving early made them feel sorry.
As in the example above, がる can be conjugated as a
ごだん
五段
verb in the usual way.
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Kanji used in this grammar

チ   はじ shame   はじる to feel ashamed   はじらう to be shy   はずかしい ashamed   
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フ   こわ frightening   
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ヨク   ほしい want   ほっする to want   
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ゴ   いつ-    いつ five   
ダン    grade, step, stairs   
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ヒ   かれ he   
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ジョ   ニョ   ニョウ   woman; female   おんな woman   め woman   
イ   こと different   
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セイ   ショウ    sex, gender, nature, disposition   
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ゼン   まえ before   
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ヒ   mistake
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ジョウ   つね usual, normal   とこ- endless, unchanging   
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ネン   とし year   
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シュ   と to take   
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カン   さむ cold   
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シ   わたくし    わたし I, myself   
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ソウ   サッ   early; fast   はや early   はやまる be hasty   はやめる to expedite, to hasten   
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キョ   コ   さ leave   
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ザン   のこ to remain behind   のこ to leave behind   
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ネン    idea, thought   
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