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Grammar detail: verb negative stem + ずに

verb negative stem + ずに - without doing
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verb negative stem
+
ずに
means
without doing (verb)
It is a literary equivalent of 〜ないで.
かれ
しばらく
かま
わず
ほっておくことした
We decided to leave him alone for a while.
かのじょ
彼女
こえ
さず
いていた

She was crying without making a sound.
Note that sometimes the に is not included, but it is still implied. The ず negative alone can't be used as a direct equivalent of the standard negative form 〜ない.
ひと
とうしょ
島嶼
あらず kotowaza
No man is an island (literally: man cannot be like many islands).
The ずに form of する is a little irregular - it is せずに.
あまりにも
つか
れて
しょくじ
食事
せずに
てしまった

Far too tired to eat, I just went to sleep.
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Kanji used in this grammar

ヒ   かれ he   
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コウ   かまえる to build, set up, get ready   かま to mind, to care about   
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ジョ   ニョ   ニョウ   woman; female   おんな woman   め woman   
セイ   ショウ   こえ voice   こわ- voice   
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シュツ   スイ   だ to take out, to put out   で to go out, to exit   
キュウ   な to cry   
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ジン   ニン   ひと person   
トウ   しま island   
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ショ   しま islet, (small) island   
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ヒ   fatigue   つかれる to be tired   
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ショク   ジキ    food   たべる to eat   く to eat   
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ジ   ズ   こと thing; matter   
シン   ねかす to lay down   ね to sleep, to lie down   
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