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Grammar detail: verb negative stem + ずに

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JLPT:
verb negative stem + ずに - without doing
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verb negative stem
+
ずに
means
without doing (verb)
It is a literary equivalent of 〜ないで.
かのじょ
彼女
こえ
さずに
いていた

She was crying without making a sound.
Note that sometimes the に is not included, but it is still implied - the ず negative alone is not a direct equivalent of 〜ない.
ひと
とうしょ
島嶼
あらず kotowaza
No man is an island (literally: man cannot be like many islands).
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See also:
  • verb negative stem

Kanji used in this grammar

ヒ   かれ he   
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3
ジョ   ニョ   ニョウ   woman; female   おんな woman   め woman   
1
セイ   ショウ   こえ voice   こわ- voice   
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3
シュツ   スイ   だ to take out, to put out   で to go out, to exit   
1
キュウ   な to cry   
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5
ジン   ニン   ひと man   
1
トウ   しま island   
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4
ショ   しま islet, (small) island   
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