Grammar detail: verb negative stem

verb negative stem
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The negative root of a verb is the negative (ない) form without the ない. It's used as the basis for other constructions, such as ずに.
  • たべます ➜ たべない ➜ たべ
  • いきます ➜ いかない ➜ いか
  • よみます ➜ よまない ➜ よま
  • だす ➜ ださない ➜ ださ
For ichidan (る) verbs, the negative stem is the same as the (positive) verb stem, so the difference must be inferred from the context.
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See also:
  • verb stem - base part of a verb
  • verb negative stem + ずに - without doing
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