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Grammar detail: verb て form + いく

verb て form + いく - go on doing, continue
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verb て form
+
いく
means
to go on doing, to continue doing
As with 〜てくる, 〜ていく describes a change in state, literally or figuratively, away from the speaker. If this describes an action in the future, it could be translated as 'go and do', or 'continue doing'; if in the past, it could be 'went and did'.
いく comes from
く (to go), but is usually written in hiragana in this construction.
ていく is often combined with another verb of motion, and this is harder to represent in English. For example,
とお
る ➜
とお
っていく could both be translated as 'go by'.
わたし
あと
からついていきます
I'll follow.
This form can be used interchangeably with ゆく, the alternative reading of いく. The meaning is unchanged, although the tone is slightly more formal.
ひと
ひつよう
必要
おう
じて
しぜん
自然
もの
えてゆく

Man modifies to his needs what nature produces.
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Kanji used in this grammar

コウ   ギョウ   アン   ゆ    い to go   おこな to take place   
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ツ   ツウ   とお to pass through   とお to let pass   かよ to commute   
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シ   わたくし    わたし I, myself   
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ゴ   コウ   のち    あと afterwards   うし behind   おくれる be late   
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ジン   ニン   ひと person   
ヒツ   かなら certainly, invariably   
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ヨウ   い to need   かなめ pivotal point   
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オウ   おうじる to satisfy, reply, comply   こたえる to respond to   
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ジ   シ   みずか self   
ゼン   ネン    resemble   
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セイ   ショウ    life   なま raw   いかす to enliven   いきる to live   いける to arrange flowers   うまれる to be born   う to give birth to   き pure, undiluted   お to grow, to sprout   はえる to grow, to sprout   はやす to grow, cultivate   
シュツ   スイ   だ to take out, to put out   で to go out, to exit   
ヘン   unusual   かえる to alter, change   かわる to change   
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