Components

Grammar detail: ておくれ

ておくれ - softened form of てくれ
Tweet
My current mastery of this grammar:
LOG IN to view grammar mastery data
ておくれ is sometimes encountered as an imperative form of a verb. Its similarity to several other constructions can be confusing: is it something to do with ておく? Is it connected with
おく
れる (to be late)? Is it a kana form of the set expression
ておく
れ (be too late)? Is it a mistyped version of
をくれ?
In fact, it is none of these - it is a 'softened' form of the てくれる form, used as an imperative. The 〜てくれる form is used to indicate receiving something, so the imperative form 〜てくれ effectively means 'give me ~' or 'do ~ for me'. However, since that sounds somewhat abrupt, the お is used in a similar way as the honorific お in お
みせ
to 'soften' the sound a little and make it a little less harsh.
きぜつ
気絶
していておくれ
たの
から
きぜつ
気絶
していておくれ

Stay down! I'm begging you - please stay down!
Source: ( )
LOG IN to view flashcard data
See also:
  • verb て form + おく - put in place
  • verb て form + くれる - receive

Kanji used in this grammar

チ   おそ late   おくれる to be late   おくらす to make late   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
シュ   hand   て    た-    
2
テン   みせ shop   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
2
キ   ケ    spirit   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
1
ゼツ   たえる to die out   たやす to eradicate   た to sever, to cut off   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
ライ   たよ to rely (on)   たのもしい reliable   たの to ask(for), entrust   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
Problem with this grammar? Question or comment? Please CONTACT US.
×
Change component list
By default the component builder shows the most common components (themselves joyo kanji, or used in at least 3 other joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.



Full details of all components and their English names can be found here.
Help with the component builder
For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of.
For any components you recognize, if you know the English meaning or name, start typing it in the text area. Full details of all components and their English names can be found here.
Alternatively, count the strokes of the component, and scan the list to find it visually.
Example
To find the kanji :
  • Notice that it is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫.
  • 氵 艹 口 all have three strokes, so you could look in the list in the 3 stroke section. 夫 has four strokes.
  • Alternatively, you could start typing 'water' (氵), 'grass' (艹), 'mouth' (口) or 'husband' (夫) in the search area, and the components will be highlighted in yellow.
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.