Components

Grammar detail: verb て form + くれる

2
4
JLPT:
verb て form + くれる - receive
Tweet
My current mastery of this grammar:
LOG IN to view grammar mastery data
verb て form
+
くれる
means
receive (as used by the person doing the receiving)
Japanese is very precise about allocating credit for actions performed, so when you describe something that somebody has done that could be construed as being done for your benefit, you would use てくれる.
はは
わたし
その
ほん
ってくれました

Mother bought me the book.
てくれる is also commonly used to describe a second or third person point of view when the speaker describes something that is done for somebody by another.
かれ
たの
めば
たす
けてくれる
だろう
If you ask him, he will help you.
It is also used when we describe an abstract noun doing something for us.
しごと
仕事
あそ
りょうほう
両方
とも
けんこう
健康
ひつよう
必要
ある
こうしゃ
後者
われわれ
我々
きゅうそく
休息
あた
ぜんしゃ
前者
かつどうりょく
活動力
あた
えてくれる

Work and play are both necessary to health; this gives us rest, and that gives us energy.
This form is also a useful way of implying that somebody has said something for your benefit.
あなた
わたし
あいしている
ってくれた
のでまほうとけました
You told me that you love me and the spell was broken.
The humble form of くれる (used when the person doing the favor is senior) is くださる (from which ください is derived).
LOG IN to view flashcard data
See also:
  • verb て form + あげる - do for somebody, give
  • verb て form + もらう - to have someone do something
  • あげる, くれる, もらう - giving and receiving

Kanji used in this grammar

ボ   はは mother   
1
シ   わたくし    わたし I, myself   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
2
ホン   book   もと origin   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
1
バイ   か to buy   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
2
ヒ   かれ he   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
ライ   たよ to rely (on)   たのもしい reliable   たの to ask(for), entrust   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
ジョ   すけ help   たすける to help, save   たすかる to be helped   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
シ   ジ   つかえる to attend to   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
2
ジ   ズ   こと thing; matter   
2
ユ   ユウ   あそ play   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
リョウ    both   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
ホウ   かた way, direction   
2
ケン   すこやか healthy   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
5
コウ    peace, composure   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
5
ヒツ   かなら certainly, invariably   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
ヨウ   い to need   かなめ pivotal point   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
ゴ   コウ   のち    あと afterwards   うし behind   おくれる be late   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
1
シャ   もの person, someone   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
2
ガ   I; myself   われ    わが-    
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
5
(kanji repetition symbol)   
キュウ   やす to rest   やすまる to be rested   やすめる to suspend (use etc.)   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
1
ソク   いき breath   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
ヨ   あたえる to grant, give, bestow   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
ゼン   まえ before   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
1
カツ    activity, resuscitation   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
ドウ   うご to move, to stir   うごかす to shift, to move   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
2
リョク   リキ   ちから effort; power   
2
ゲン   ゴン   say; word   こと word, saying   い to say   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
2
Problem with this grammar? Question or comment? Please CONTACT US.
×
Change component list
By default the component builder shows the most common components (themselves joyo kanji, or used in at least 3 other joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.



Full details of all components and their English names can be found here.
Help with the component builder
For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of.
For any components you recognize, if you know the English meaning or name, start typing it in the text area. Full details of all components and their English names can be found here.
Alternatively, count the strokes of the component, and scan the list to find it visually.
Example
To find the kanji :
  • Notice that it is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫.
  • 氵 艹 口 all have three strokes, so you could look in the list in the 3 stroke section. 夫 has four strokes.
  • Alternatively, you could start typing 'water' (氵), 'grass' (艹), 'mouth' (口) or 'husband' (夫) in the search area, and the components will be highlighted in yellow.
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.