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Grammar detail: verb て form + くれる

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JLPT:
verb て form + くれる - receive
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verb て form
+
くれる
means
receive (as used by the person doing the receiving)
Japanese is very precise about allocating credit for actions performed, so when you describe something that somebody has done that could be construed as being done for your benefit, you would use てくれる.
はは
わたし
その
ほん
ってくれました

Mother bought me the book.
てくれる is also commonly used to describe a second or third person point of view when the speaker describes something that is done for somebody by another.
かれ
たの
めば
たす
けてくれる
だろう
If you ask him, he will help you.
It is also used when we describe an abstract noun doing something for us.
しごと
仕事
あそ
りょうほう
両方
とも
けんこう
健康
ひつよう
必要
である
こうしゃ
後者
われわれ
我々
きゅうそく
休息
あた
ぜんしゃ
前者
かつどうりょく
活動力
あた
えてくれる

Work and play are both necessary to health; this gives us rest, and that gives us energy.
This form is also a useful way of implying that somebody has said something for your benefit.
あなた
わたし
あいしている
ってくれた
のでまほうとけました
You told me that you love me and the spell was broken.
The humble form of くれる (used when the person doing the favor is senior) is くださる (from which ください is derived).
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See also:
  • verb て form + あげる - do for somebody, give
  • verb て form + もらう - to have someone do something
  • あげる, くれる, もらう - giving and receiving

Kanji used in this grammar

ボ   はは mother   
1
シ   わたくし    わたし I, myself   
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2
ホン   book   もと origin   
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1
バイ   か to buy   
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2
ヒ   かれ he   
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3
ライ   たよ to rely (on)   たのもしい reliable   たの to ask(for), entrust   
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3
ジョ   すけ help   たすける to help, save   たすかる to be helped   
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3
シ   ジ   つかえる to attend to   
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2
ジ   ズ   こと thing; matter   
2
ユ   ユウ   あそ play   
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3
リョウ    both   
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3
ホウ   かた way, direction   
2
ケン   すこやか healthy   
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5
コウ    peace, composure   
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5
ヒツ   かなら certainly, invariably   
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3
ヨウ   い to need   かなめ pivotal point   
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3
ゴ   コウ   のち    あと afterwards   うし behind   おくれる be late   
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1
シャ   もの person, someone   
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2
ガ   I; myself   われ    わが-    
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5
(kanji repetition symbol)   
キュウ   やす to rest   やすまる to be rested   やすめる to suspend (use etc.)   
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1
ソク   いき breath   
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3
ヨ   あたえる to grant, give, bestow   
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3
ゼン   まえ before   
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1
カツ    activity, resuscitation   
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3
ドウ   うご to move, to stir   うごかす to shift, to move   
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2
リョク   リキ   ちから effort; power   
2
ゲン   ゴン   say; word   こと word, saying   い to say   
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2
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